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Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline Method

Gets the number of users currently accessing an application.

Namespace:  System.Web.Security
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public static int GetNumberOfUsersOnline()

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The number of users currently accessing an application.

GetNumberOfUsersOnline returns the number of users for the current ApplicationName where the last-activity date is greater than the current time less the UserIsOnlineTimeWindow. The last-activity date/time stamp is updated to the current date and time when user credentials are validated by way of the ValidateUser or UpdateUser method or when a call to a GetUser overload that takes no parameters or one that uses the userIsOnline parameter to specify that the date/time stamp should be updated.

The following code example returns a list of users with a count of the number of users currently online.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Web.Security" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

int pageSize = 5;
int totalUsers;
int totalPages;
int currentPage = 1;

public void Page_Load()
{
  if (!IsPostBack)
  {
    GetUsers();
  }
}

private void GetUsers()
{
  UsersOnlineLabel.Text = Membership.GetNumberOfUsersOnline().ToString();

  UserGrid.DataSource = Membership.GetAllUsers(currentPage-1, pageSize, out totalUsers);
  totalPages = ((totalUsers - 1) / pageSize) + 1;

  // Ensure that we do not navigate past the last page of users.

  if (currentPage > totalPages)
  {
    currentPage = totalPages;
    GetUsers();
    return;
  }

  UserGrid.DataBind();
  CurrentPageLabel.Text = currentPage.ToString();
  TotalPagesLabel.Text = totalPages.ToString();

  if (currentPage == totalPages)
    NextButton.Visible = false;
  else
    NextButton.Visible = true;

  if (currentPage == 1)
    PreviousButton.Visible = false;
  else
    PreviousButton.Visible = true;

  if (totalUsers <= 0)
    NavigationPanel.Visible = false;
  else
    NavigationPanel.Visible = true;
}

public void NextButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage++;
  GetUsers();
}

public void PreviousButton_OnClick(object sender, EventArgs args)
{
  currentPage = Convert.ToInt32(CurrentPageLabel.Text);
  currentPage--;
  GetUsers();
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head>
<title>Sample: Find Users</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="form1" runat="server">
  <h3>User List</h3>

  Number of Users Online: <asp:Label id="UsersOnlineLabel" runat="Server" /><br />

  <asp:Panel id="NavigationPanel" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table border="0" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="3">
      <tr>
        <td style="width:100">Page <asp:Label id="CurrentPageLabel" runat="server" />
            of <asp:Label id="TotalPagesLabel" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="PreviousButton" Text="< Prev"
                            OnClick="PreviousButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
        <td style="width:60"><asp:LinkButton id="NextButton" Text="Next >"
                            OnClick="NextButton_OnClick" runat="server" /></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </asp:Panel>

  <asp:DataGrid id="UserGrid" runat="server"
                CellPadding="2" CellSpacing="1"
                Gridlines="Both">
    <HeaderStyle BackColor="darkblue" ForeColor="white" />
  </asp:DataGrid>

</form>

</body>
</html>


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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