Type.IsSubclassOf Method (Type)


Determines whether the current Type derives from the specified Type.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public virtual bool IsSubclassOf(
	Type c


Type: System.Type

The type to compare with the current type.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if the current Type derives from c; otherwise, false. This method also returns false if c and the current Type are equal.

Exception Condition

c is null.

You can call the IsSubclassOf method to determine any of the following:

  • Whether one class derives from another.

  • Whether a type derives from ValueType. However, the IsValueType is a more efficient way to determine whether a type is a value type.

  • Whether a type derives from Enum. However, the IsEnum method is a more efficient way to determine whether a type is an enumeration.

  • Whether a type is a delegate, that is, whether it derives from either Delegate or MulticastDelegate.

The IsSubclassOf method cannot be used to determine whether an interface derives from another interface, or whether a class implements an interface. Use theIsAssignableFrom method for that purpose, as the following example shows.

using System;

public interface IInterface
   void Display();

public class Implementation : IInterface
   public void Display()
      Console.WriteLine("The implementation...");

public class Example
   public static void Main()
      Console.WriteLine("Implementation is a subclass of IInterface:   {0}",
      Console.WriteLine("IInterface is assignable from Implementation: {0}",
// The example displays the following output:
//       Implementation is a subclass of IInterface:   False
//       IInterface is assignable from Implementation: True

If the current Type represents a type parameter in the definition of a generic type or generic method, it derives from its class constraint or from System.Object if it has no class constraint.


Except when used with interfaces, IsSubclassOf is the converse of IsAssignableFrom. That is, if t1.IsSubclassOf(t2) is true, then t2.IsAssignableFrom(t1) is also true.

This method can be overridden by a derived class.

The following example creates a class named Class1and a derived class named DerivedC1. It calls the IsSubclassOf method to show that DerivedC1 is a subclass of Class1.

using System;

public class Class1 { }
public class DerivedC1 : Class1 { }

class IsSubclassTest
   public static void Main()
      Console.WriteLine("DerivedC1 subclass of Class1: {0}",
// The example displays the following output:
//        DerivedC1 subclass of Class1: True

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
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