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Timer.SynchronizingObject Property

Updated: May 2010

Gets or sets the object used to marshal event-handler calls that are issued when an interval has elapsed.

Namespace:  System.Timers
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public ISynchronizeInvoke SynchronizingObject { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.ComponentModel.ISynchronizeInvoke
The ISynchronizeInvoke representing the object used to marshal the event-handler calls that are issued when an interval has elapsed. The default is null.

When SynchronizingObject is null, the method that handles the Elapsed event is called on a thread from the system-thread pool. For more information on system-thread pools, see ThreadPool.

When the Elapsed event is handled by a visual Windows Forms component, such as a button, accessing the component through the system-thread pool might result in an exception or just might not work. Avoid this effect by setting SynchronizingObject to a Windows Forms component, which causes the method that handles the Elapsed event to be called on the same thread that the component was created on.


Even if the SynchronizingObject property is not null, Elapsed events can occur after the Dispose or Stop method has been called or after the Enabled property has been set to false, because the signal to raise the Elapsed event is always queued for execution on a thread pool thread. One way to resolve this race condition is to set a flag that tells the event handler for the Elapsed event to ignore subsequent events.

If the Timer is used inside Visual Studio in a Windows Forms designer, SynchronizingObject is automatically set to the control that contains the Timer. For example, if you place a Timer on a designer for Form1 (which inherits from Form), the SynchronizingObject property of Timer is set to the instance of Form1.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0




May 2010

Corrected an error in the previous update.

Content bug fix.

January 2010

Explained why Elapsed events can occur after the Stop or Dispose method has been called.

Customer feedback.