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ThreadStart Delegate

Represents the method that executes on a Thread.

Namespace:  System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public Delegate Sub ThreadStart

When a managed thread is created, the method that executes on the thread is represented by a ThreadStart delegate or a ParameterizedThreadStart delegate that is passed to the Thread constructor. The thread does not begin executing until the Thread.Start method is called. Execution begins at the first line of the method that is represented by the ThreadStart or ParameterizedThreadStart delegate.

NoteNote:

Visual Basic and C# users can omit the ThreadStart or ParameterizedThreadStart delegate constructor when creating a thread. In Visual Basic, use the AddressOf operator when passing your method to the Thread constructor; for example, Dim t As New Thread(AddressOf ThreadProc). In C#, just specify the name of the thread procedure. The compiler selects the correct delegate constructor.

This section contains two examples. The first example shows how to use a ThreadStart delegate to execute a static method, and the second shows how to use a ThreadStart delegate to execute an instance method.

The examples display their output in a TextBlock on the UI thread. To access the TextBlock from the callback thread, the examples use the Dispatcher property to obtain a Dispatcher object for the TextBlock, and then use the Dispatcher.BeginInvoke method to make the cross-thread call.

For more information about thread creation, see Creating Threads and Passing Data at Start Time.

Example 1

The following code example shows how to use a ThreadStart delegate to execute a static method.


Imports System.Threading

Public Class Example

   Private Shared outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock

   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)

      Example.outputBlock = outputBlock

      ' To start a thread using a static thread procedure, use the
      ' class name and method name when you create the ThreadStart
      ' delegate. Visual Basic expands the AddressOf expression 
      ' to the appropriate delegate creation syntax:
      '    New ThreadStart(AddressOf Example.DoWork)
      '
      Dim newThread As New Thread(AddressOf Example.DoWork)
      newThread.Start()

   End Sub

   ' Simulate work. To communicate with objects on the UI thread, get the 
   ' Dispatcher for one of the UI objects. Use the Dispatcher object's 
   ' BeginInvoke method to queue a delegate that will run on the UI thread,
   ' and therefore can safely access UI elements like the TextBlock.
   Private Shared Sub DoWork()
      Dim display As New Action(Of String)(AddressOf DisplayOutput)

      outputBlock.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(display, _
         "Hello from a Shared thread procedure." & vbCrLf)
   End Sub

   ' The Dispatcher.BeginInvoke method runs this helper method on the 
   ' UI thread, so it can safely access the TextBlock that is used to 
   ' display the output.
   Private Shared Sub DisplayOutput(msg)
      outputBlock.Text &= msg
   End Sub

End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Hello from a Shared thread procedure.


Example 2

The following code example shows how to use a ThreadStart delegate to execute an instance method.


Imports System.Threading

Public Class Example

   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)

      ' To start a thread using an instance method for the thread 
      ' procedure, use the instance variable and method name when 
      ' you create the ThreadStart delegate. Visual Basic expands 
      ' the AddressOf expression to the appropriate delegate 
      ' creation syntax:
      '    New ThreadStart(AddressOf w.DoMoreWork)
      '
      Dim w As New Work()
      w.Data = 42
      w.Output = outputBlock

      Dim newThread As Thread = New Thread(AddressOf w.DoMoreWork)
      newThread.Start()
   End Sub

End Class

Public Class Work
   Public Data As Integer
   Public Output As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock

   ' Simulate work. To communicate with objects on the UI thread, get the 
   ' Dispatcher for one of the UI objects. Use the Dispatcher object's 
   ' BeginInvoke method to queue a delegate that will run on the UI thread,
   ' and therefore can safely access UI elements like the TextBlock.
   Public Sub DoMoreWork()
      Dim display As New Action(Of String)(AddressOf DisplayOutput)

      Output.Dispatcher.BeginInvoke(display, _
         String.Format("Instance thread procedure. Data={0}", Data) & vbCrLf)
   End Sub

   ' The Dispatcher.BeginInvoke method runs this helper method on the 
   ' UI thread, so it can safely access the TextBlock that is used to 
   ' display the output.
   Private Sub DisplayOutput(msg)
      Output.Text &= msg
   End Sub

End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Instance thread procedure. Data=42


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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