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UTF8Encoding.GetMaxByteCount Method

Calculates the maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Namespace:  System.Text
Assemblies:   System.Text.Encoding.Extensions (in System.Text.Encoding.Extensions.dll)
  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override int GetMaxByteCount(
	int charCount
)

Parameters

charCount
Type: System.Int32

The number of characters to encode.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

charCount is less than zero.

-or-

The resulting number of bytes is greater than the maximum number that can be returned as an integer.

EncoderFallbackException

A fallback occurred (see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework for complete explanation)

-and-

EncoderFallback is set to EncoderExceptionFallback.

To calculate the exact array size required by GetBytes to store the resulting bytes, you call the GetByteCount method. To calculate the maximum array size, you call the GetMaxByteCount method. The GetByteCount method generally allocates less memory, while the GetMaxByteCount method generally executes faster.

GetMaxByteCount is a worst-case number, including the worst case for the currently selected EncoderFallback. If a fallback is chosen with a potentially large string, GetMaxByteCount can return large values.

In most cases, this method returns reasonable numbers for small strings. For large strings, you might have to choose between using very large buffers and catching errors in the rare case that a more reasonable buffer is exceeded. You might also want to consider a different approach using GetByteCount or Encoder.Convert. For example, text in English and many other languages often needs only one UTF-8 byte to represent a character, but the number returned by GetMaxByteCount has to allow for the possibility that the string to be converted will consist entirely of characters that each require four bytes.

GetMaxByteCount has no relation to GetChars. If your application needs a similar function to use with GetChars, it should use GetMaxCharCount.

NoteNote

GetMaxByteCount(N) is not necessarily the same value as N* GetMaxByteCount(1).

The following example uses the GetMaxByteCount method to return the maximum number of bytes required to encode a specified number of characters.

using System;
using System.Text;

class UTF8EncodingExample {
    public static void Main() {
        UTF8Encoding utf8 = new UTF8Encoding();
        int charCount = 2;
        int maxByteCount = utf8.GetMaxByteCount(charCount);
        Console.WriteLine(
            "Maximum of {0} bytes needed to encode {1} characters.",
            maxByteCount,
            charCount
        );
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library
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