UTF32Encoding.GetMaxByteCount Method (Int32)


Calculates the maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Namespace:   System.Text
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Overrides Function GetMaxByteCount (
	charCount As Integer
) As Integer


Type: System.Int32

The number of characters to encode.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32

The maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Exception Condition

charCount is less than zero.


The resulting number of bytes is greater than the maximum number that can be returned as an integer.


A fallback occurred (see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework for complete explanation)


EncoderFallback is set to EncoderExceptionFallback.

To calculate the exact array size required by GetBytes to store the resulting bytes, you call the GetByteCount method. To calculate the maximum array size, you call the GetMaxByteCount method. The GetByteCount method generally allocates less memory, while the GetMaxByteCount method generally executes faster.

GetMaxByteCount is a worst-case number, including the worst case for the currently selected EncoderFallback. If a fallback is chosen with a potentially large string, GetMaxByteCount can return large values.

In most cases, this method returns reasonable numbers for small strings. For large strings, you might have to choose between using very large buffers and catching errors in the rare case that a more reasonable buffer is exceeded. You might also want to consider a different approach and use GetByteCount or Encoder.Convert.

GetMaxByteCount has no relationship to GetChars. If you need a similar function to use with GetChars, use GetMaxCharCount.


GetMaxByteCount(N) is not necessarily the same value as N* GetMaxByteCount(1).

The following example determines the number of bytes required to encode a string, then encodes the string and displays the resulting bytes.

Imports System
Imports System.Text
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Public Class SamplesUTF32Encoding   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' The characters to encode:
      '    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
      '    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
      '    Combining Breve (U+0306)
      '    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
      '    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
      '    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
      '    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      Dim myStr As String = "za" & ChrW(&H0306) & ChrW(&H01FD) & ChrW(&H03B2) & ChrW(&HD8FF) & ChrW(&HDCFF)

      ' Create instances of different encodings.
      Dim u7 As New UTF7Encoding()
      Dim u8Nobom As New UTF8Encoding(False, True)
      Dim u8Bom As New UTF8Encoding(True, True)
      Dim u32Nobom As New UTF32Encoding(False, False, True)
      Dim u32Bom As New UTF32Encoding(False, True, True)

      ' Get the byte counts and the bytes.
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myStr, u7)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myStr, u8Nobom)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myStr, u8Bom)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myStr, u32Nobom)
      PrintCountsAndBytes(myStr, u32Bom)

   End Sub 'Main

   Public Shared Sub PrintCountsAndBytes(s As String, enc As Encoding)

      ' Display the name of the encoding used.
      Console.Write("{0,-25} :", enc.ToString())

      ' Display the exact byte count.
      Dim iBC As Integer = enc.GetByteCount(s)
      Console.Write(" {0,-3}", iBC)

      ' Display the maximum byte count.
      Dim iMBC As Integer = enc.GetMaxByteCount(s.Length)
      Console.Write(" {0,-3} :", iMBC)

      ' Get the byte order mark, if any.
      Dim preamble As Byte() = enc.GetPreamble()

      ' Combine the preamble and the encoded bytes.
      ' NOTE: In Visual Basic, arrays contain one extra element by default.
      '       The following line creates an array with the exact number of elements required.
      Dim bytes(preamble.Length + iBC - 1) As Byte
      Array.Copy(preamble, bytes, preamble.Length)
      enc.GetBytes(s, 0, s.Length, bytes, preamble.Length)

      ' Display all the encoded bytes.

   End Sub 'PrintCountsAndBytes

   Public Shared Sub PrintHexBytes(bytes() As Byte)

      If bytes Is Nothing OrElse bytes.Length = 0 Then
         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To bytes.Length - 1
            Console.Write("{0:X2} ", bytes(i))
         Next i
      End If

   End Sub 'PrintHexBytes 

End Class 'SamplesUTF32Encoding

'This code produces the following output.
'System.Text.UTF7Encoding  : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
'System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
'System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :EF BB BF 7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
'System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00
'System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :FF FE 00 00 7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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