UTF32Encoding::GetMaxByteCount Method (Int32)

 

Calculates the maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Namespace:   System.Text
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
virtual int GetMaxByteCount(
	int charCount
) override

Parameters

charCount
Type: System::Int32

The number of characters to encode.

Return Value

Type: System::Int32

The maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Exception Condition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

charCount is less than zero.

-or-

The resulting number of bytes is greater than the maximum number that can be returned as an integer.

EncoderFallbackException

A fallback occurred (see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework for complete explanation)

-and-

EncoderFallback is set to EncoderExceptionFallback.

To calculate the exact array size required by GetBytes to store the resulting bytes, you call the GetByteCount method. To calculate the maximum array size, you call the GetMaxByteCount method. The GetByteCount method generally allocates less memory, while the GetMaxByteCount method generally executes faster.

GetMaxByteCount is a worst-case number, including the worst case for the currently selected EncoderFallback. If a fallback is chosen with a potentially large string, GetMaxByteCount can return large values.

In most cases, this method returns reasonable numbers for small strings. For large strings, you might have to choose between using very large buffers and catching errors in the rare case that a more reasonable buffer is exceeded. You might also want to consider a different approach and use GetByteCount or Encoder::Convert.

GetMaxByteCount has no relationship to GetChars. If you need a similar function to use with GetChars, use GetMaxCharCount.

System_CAPS_noteNote

GetMaxByteCount(N) is not necessarily the same value as N* GetMaxByteCount(1).

The following example determines the number of bytes required to encode a string, then encodes the string and displays the resulting bytes.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
void PrintCountsAndBytes( String^ s, Encoding^ enc );
void PrintHexBytes( array<Byte>^bytes );
int main()
{

   // The characters to encode:
   //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
   //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
   //    Combining Breve (U+0306)
   //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
   //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
   //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
   //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
   String^ myStr = L"za\u0306\u01FD\u03B2\xD8FF\xDCFF";

   // Create instances of different encodings.
   UTF7Encoding^ u7 = gcnew UTF7Encoding;
   UTF8Encoding^ u8Nobom = gcnew UTF8Encoding( false,true );
   UTF8Encoding^ u8Bom = gcnew UTF8Encoding( true,true );
   UTF32Encoding ^ u32Nobom = gcnew UTF32Encoding( false,false,true );
   UTF32Encoding ^ u32Bom = gcnew UTF32Encoding( false,true,true );

   // Get the byte counts and the bytes.
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u7 );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u8Nobom );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u8Bom );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u32Nobom );
   PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u32Bom );
}

void PrintCountsAndBytes( String^ s, Encoding^ enc )
{

   // Display the name of the encoding used.
   Console::Write( "{0,-25} :", enc );

   // Display the exact byte count.
   int iBC = enc->GetByteCount( s );
   Console::Write( " {0,-3}", iBC );

   // Display the maximum byte count.
   int iMBC = enc->GetMaxByteCount( s->Length );
   Console::Write( " {0,-3} :", iMBC );

   // Get the byte order mark, if any.
   array<Byte>^preamble = enc->GetPreamble();

   // Combine the preamble and the encoded bytes.
   array<Byte>^bytes = gcnew array<Byte>(preamble->Length + iBC);
   Array::Copy( preamble, bytes, preamble->Length );
   enc->GetBytes( s, 0, s->Length, bytes, preamble->Length );

   // Display all the encoded bytes.
   PrintHexBytes( bytes );
}

void PrintHexBytes( array<Byte>^bytes )
{
   if ( (bytes == nullptr) || (bytes->Length == 0) )
      Console::WriteLine( "<none>" );
   else
   {
      for ( int i = 0; i < bytes->Length; i++ )
         Console::Write( "{0:X2} ", bytes[ i ] );
      Console::WriteLine();
   }
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

System.Text.UTF7Encoding  : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :EF BB BF 7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00
System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :FF FE 00 00 7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

*/

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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