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UTF32Encoding.GetMaxByteCount Method

Calculates the maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

Namespace:  System.Text
Assemblies:   System.Text.Encoding.Extensions (in System.Text.Encoding.Extensions.dll)
  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override int GetMaxByteCount(
	int charCount
)

Parameters

charCount
Type: System.Int32

The number of characters to encode.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The maximum number of bytes produced by encoding the specified number of characters.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

charCount is less than zero.

-or-

The resulting number of bytes is greater than the maximum number that can be returned as an integer.

EncoderFallbackException

A fallback occurred (see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework for complete explanation)

-and-

EncoderFallback is set to EncoderExceptionFallback.

To calculate the exact array size required by GetBytes to store the resulting bytes, you call the GetByteCount method. To calculate the maximum array size, you call the GetMaxByteCount method. The GetByteCount method generally allocates less memory, while the GetMaxByteCount method generally executes faster.

GetMaxByteCount is a worst-case number, including the worst case for the currently selected EncoderFallback. If a fallback is chosen with a potentially large string, GetMaxByteCount can return large values.

In most cases, this method returns reasonable numbers for small strings. For large strings, you might have to choose between using very large buffers and catching errors in the rare case that a more reasonable buffer is exceeded. You might also want to consider a different approach and use GetByteCount or Encoder.Convert.

GetMaxByteCount has no relationship to GetChars. If you need a similar function to use with GetChars, use GetMaxCharCount.

NoteNote

GetMaxByteCount(N) is not necessarily the same value as N* GetMaxByteCount(1).

The following example determines the number of bytes required to encode a string, then encodes the string and displays the resulting bytes.

using System;
using System.Text;

public class SamplesUTF32Encoding  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // The characters to encode: 
      //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A) 
      //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061) 
      //    Combining Breve (U+0306) 
      //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD) 
      //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2) 
      //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF) 
      //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      String myStr = "za\u0306\u01FD\u03B2\uD8FF\uDCFF";

      // Create instances of different encodings.
      UTF7Encoding  u7       = new UTF7Encoding();
      UTF8Encoding  u8Nobom  = new UTF8Encoding( false, true );
      UTF8Encoding  u8Bom    = new UTF8Encoding( true,  true );
      UTF32Encoding u32Nobom = new UTF32Encoding( false, false, true );
      UTF32Encoding u32Bom   = new UTF32Encoding( false, true,  true );

      // Get the byte counts and the bytes.
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u7 );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u8Nobom );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u8Bom );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u32Nobom );
      PrintCountsAndBytes( myStr, u32Bom );

   }


   public static void PrintCountsAndBytes( String s, Encoding enc )  {

      // Display the name of the encoding used.
      Console.Write( "{0,-25} :", enc.ToString() );

      // Display the exact byte count. 
      int iBC  = enc.GetByteCount( s );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3}", iBC );

      // Display the maximum byte count. 
      int iMBC = enc.GetMaxByteCount( s.Length );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3} :", iMBC );

      // Get the byte order mark, if any. 
      byte[] preamble = enc.GetPreamble();

      // Combine the preamble and the encoded bytes. 
      byte[] bytes = new byte[preamble.Length + iBC];
      Array.Copy( preamble, bytes, preamble.Length );
      enc.GetBytes( s, 0, s.Length, bytes, preamble.Length );

      // Display all the encoded bytes.
      PrintHexBytes( bytes );

   }


   public static void PrintHexBytes( byte[] bytes )  {

      if (( bytes == null ) || ( bytes.Length == 0 ))
         Console.WriteLine( "<none>" );
      else  {
         for ( int i = 0; i < bytes.Length; i++ )
            Console.Write( "{0:X2} ", bytes[i] );
         Console.WriteLine();
      }

   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

System.Text.UTF7Encoding  : 18  23  :7A 61 2B 41 77 59 42 2F 51 4F 79 32 50 2F 63 2F 77 2D
System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UTF8Encoding  : 12  24  :EF BB BF 7A 61 CC 86 C7 BD CE B2 F1 8F B3 BF
System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00
System.Text.UTF32Encoding : 24  28  :FF FE 00 00 7A 00 00 00 61 00 00 00 06 03 00 00 FD 01 00 00 B2 03 00 00 FF FC 04 00

*/

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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