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StringBuilder.Chars Property

Gets or sets the character at the specified character position in this instance.

Namespace:  System.Text
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Property Chars ( _
	index As Integer _
) As Char

Parameters

index
Type: System.Int32
The position of the character.

Property Value

Type: System.Char
The Unicode character at position index.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is outside the bounds of this instance while setting a character.

IndexOutOfRangeException

index is outside the bounds of this instance while getting a character.

The index parameter is the position of a character within the StringBuilder. The first character in the string is at index 0. The length of a string is the number of characters it contains. The last accessible character of a StringBuilder instance is at index Length - 1.

Chars is the default property of the StringBuilder class. In C#, it is an indexer. This means that individual characters can be retrieved from the Chars property as shown in the following example, which counts the number of alphabetic, white-space, and punctuation characters in a string.


Imports System.Text

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim nAlphabeticChars As Integer = 0
      Dim nWhitespace As Integer = 0
      Dim nPunctuation As Integer = 0  
      Dim sb As New StringBuilder("This is a simple sentence.")

      For ctr As Integer = 0 To sb.Length - 1
         Dim ch As Char = sb(ctr)
         If Char.IsLetter(ch) Then nAlphabeticChars += 1 : Continue For
         If Char.IsWhiteSpace(ch) Then nWhitespace += 1 : Continue For
         If Char.IsPunctuation(ch) Then nPunctuation += 1
      Next    

      Console.WriteLine("The sentence '{0}' has:", sb)
      Console.WriteLine("   Alphabetic characters: {0}", nAlphabeticChars)
      Console.WriteLine("   Whitespace characters: {0}", nWhitespace)
      Console.WriteLine("   Punctuation characters: {0}", nPunctuation)
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       The sentence 'This is a simple sentence.' has:
'          Alphabetic characters: 21
'          Whitespace characters: 4
'          Punctuation characters: 1


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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