EncoderExceptionFallback Class

Note: This class is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

Throws an EncoderFallbackException if an input character cannot be converted to an encoded output byte sequence. This class cannot be inherited.

Namespace: System.Text
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public sealed class EncoderExceptionFallback : EncoderFallback
/** @attribute SerializableAttribute() */ 
public final class EncoderExceptionFallback extends EncoderFallback
public final class EncoderExceptionFallback extends EncoderFallback

An encoding maps a Unicode character to an encoded sequence of bytes, which can subsequently be transferred to a physical medium, such as a disk, or over a communications link. Characters can be mapped in various ways, and a particular encoding is represented by a type derived from the Encoding class. Specifically, the encoding type's GetBytes method encodes a character to a byte sequence, and the GetChars method decodes a byte sequence to a character.

However, an encoding operation can fail if the input character cannot be represented by the encoding. For example, an ASCIIEncoding object cannot encode a character whose Unicode code point value is outside the range U+0000 to U+007F.

In cases where an encoding or decoding conversion cannot be performed, the .NET Framework provides a failure-handling mechanism called a fallback. Your code can use the predefined .NET Framework encoder fallback, or you can create a custom encoder fallback derived from the EncoderFallback and EncoderFallbackBuffer classes.

The .NET Framework provides two classes that implement different fallback strategies for handling encoding conversion failures. The EncoderReplacementFallback class substitutes a string that you provide for any input character that cannot be converted. The substitute string is encoded in place of the invalid character, and then the encoding operation continues converting the remainder of the input. In contrast, the EncoderExceptionFallback class throws an EncoderFallbackException when an invalid character is encountered.

The following code example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback and EncoderFallbackException classes.

// This example demonstrates the EncoderExceptionFallback class.

using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample 
    public static void Main() 

// Create an encoding, which is equivalent to calling the 
// ASCIIEncoding class constructor. 
// The EncoderExceptionFallback parameter causes an exception to
// be thrown when a character cannot be encoded. 
// A decoder exception fallback is also specified, but it is not 
// used because this example terminates during the encoding operation.  

    Encoding ae = Encoding.GetEncoding(
                  new EncoderExceptionFallback(), 
                  new DecoderExceptionFallback());

// The input string consists of the Unicode characters LEFT POINTING 
// The encoding can only encode characters in the US-ASCII range of U+0000 
// through U+007F. Consequently, the characters bracketing the 'X' character
// cause an exception.
    string inputString = "\u00abX\u00bb";

    string twoNewLines = "\n\n";
    byte[] encodedBytes = new byte[ae.GetMaxByteCount(inputString.Length)];
    int numberOfEncodedBytes = 0;

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Display the name of the encoding.
    Console.WriteLine("The name of the encoding is \"{0}\".\n", ae.WebName);

// Display the input string in text.
    Console.WriteLine("Input string ({0} characters): \"{1}\"", 
                       inputString.Length, inputString);

// Display the input string in hexadecimal.
    Console.Write("Input string in hexadecimal: ");
    foreach (char c in inputString.ToCharArray()) {
        Console.Write("0x{0:X2} ", (int)c);}

// --------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Attempt to encode the input string. However, an exception is thrown before
// the input string can be encoded.

    Console.WriteLine("Encode the input string...");

// The code example terminates during the call to the GetBytes() method.
    try {
        numberOfEncodedBytes = ae.GetBytes(inputString, 0, inputString.Length, 
                                           encodedBytes, 0);
    catch (EncoderFallbackException e)
        Console.WriteLine("\n*** THE CODE EXAMPLE TERMINATES HERE AS INTENDED. ***");

// This statement is never executed.
    Console.WriteLine("This statement is never executed.");
This code example produces the following results:

The name of the encoding is "us-ascii".

Input string (3 characters): "X"
Input string in hexadecimal: 0xAB 0x58 0xBB

Encode the input string...
System.Text.EncoderFallbackException: Unable to translate Unicode character \u00AB at inde
x 0 to specified code page.
   at System.Text.EncoderExceptionFallbackBuffer.Fallback(Char charUnknown, Int32 index)
   at System.Text.EncoderFallbackBuffer.InternalFallback(Char ch, Char*& chars)
   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(Char* chars, Int32 charCount, Byte* bytes, Int32
byteCount, EncoderNLS encoder)
   at System.Text.ASCIIEncoding.GetBytes(String chars, Int32 charIndex, Int32 charCount, B
yte[] bytes, Int32 byteIndex)
   at Sample.Main()




Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0