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SpnEndpointIdentity Class

Represents a service principal name (SPN) for an identity when the binding uses Kerberos.


Namespace:  System.ServiceModel
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel (in System.ServiceModel.dll)

public class SpnEndpointIdentity : EndpointIdentity

The SpnEndpointIdentity type exposes the following members.

Public methodSpnEndpointIdentity(Claim)Initializes a new instance of SpnEndpointIdentity with the specified identity claim.
Public methodSpnEndpointIdentity(String)Initializes a new instance of SpnEndpointIdentity with the specified service principal name (SPN).

Public propertyIdentityClaimGets the identity claim that corresponds to the identity. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)
Public propertyStatic memberSpnLookupTimeSpecifies the maximum time allowed to look up the service principal name (SPN).

Public methodEqualsReturns a value that determines whether a specified object is equal to the current identity object or if they have equal security properties. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeProvides a hash code for the current instance of the identity. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodInitialize(Claim)Initializes an EndpointIdentity with the specified claim. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)
Protected methodInitialize(Claim, IEqualityComparer<Claim>)Initializes an EndpointIdentity with the specified claim and an interface and compares equality. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns the identity. (Inherited from EndpointIdentity.)

An SPN is the name by which a client uniquely identifies an instance of a service. If you install multiple instances of a service on computers throughout a forest, each instance must have its own SPN. A given service instance can have multiple SPNs if there are multiple names that clients might use for authentication.

When a client wants to connect to a service, it locates an instance of the service, composes an SPN for that instance, and sets the identity to a SpnEndpointIdentity. A check will be made that the message is intended for that service.

The three authentication modes used under Kerberos are:

  • SSPINegotiate

  • Kerberos

  • KerberosOverTransport.

The following code shows one common way to create an instance of this class.

static EndpointIdentity CreateIdentity()
     WindowsIdentity self = WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent();
     SecurityIdentifier sid = self.User;

     EndpointIdentity identity = null;

     if (sid.IsWellKnown(WellKnownSidType.LocalSystemSid) ||
         sid.IsWellKnown(WellKnownSidType.NetworkServiceSid) ||
         identity = EndpointIdentity.CreateSpnIdentity(
             String.Format(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture, "host/{0}", GetMachineName()));
         // Need an UPN string here
         string domain = GetPrimaryDomain();
         if (domain != null)
             string[] split = self.Name.Split('\\');
             if (split.Length == 2)
                 identity = EndpointIdentity.CreateUpnIdentity(split[1] + "@" + domain);

     return identity;

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.