ServiceBehaviorAttribute.TransactionTimeout Property

Gets or sets the period within which a transaction must complete.

Namespace: System.ServiceModel
Assembly: System.ServiceModel (in system.servicemodel.dll)

public string TransactionTimeout { get; set; }
/** @property */
public String get_TransactionTimeout ()

/** @property */
public void set_TransactionTimeout (String value)

public function get TransactionTimeout () : String

public function set TransactionTimeout (value : String)

Not applicable.

Property Value

A TimeSpan object that represents the time within which transactions must complete or be automatically aborted.

Exception typeCondition

ArgumentNullException

The value is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

The value is less than TimeSpan.Zero or greater than TimeSpan.MaxValue.

This value sets the ChannelDispatcher.TransactionTimeout property. You can also set this property using the <serviceTimeOuts> element in an application configuration file.

The following configuration file specifies a transaction timeout period of three minutes.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Transactions;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", 
    SessionMode=SessionMode.Required)]
  public interface IBehaviorService
  {
    [OperationContract]
    string TxWork(string message);
  }

  // Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you 
  // must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly.
  /* The following service implementation:
   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
   *   -- Creates one service object per session
   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
   *   -- The transaction timeout is set to 3 minutes.
   */
  [ServiceBehavior(
    ConcurrencyMode=ConcurrencyMode.Single,
    InstanceContextMode=InstanceContextMode.PerSession,
    ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete=false,
    TransactionIsolationLevel=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted,
    TransactionTimeout = "00:03:00"
  )]
  public class BehaviorService : IBehaviorService, IDisposable
  {
    Guid myID;

    public BehaviorService()
    {
      myID = Guid.NewGuid();
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Object "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " created.");
    }

    /*
     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
     *       without an unhandled exception.
     */
    [OperationBehavior(
      TransactionAutoComplete = true,
      TransactionScopeRequired = true
    )]
    [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)]
    public string TxWork(string message)
    {
      // Do some transactable work.
      Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " + message);
      // Display transaction information.

      TransactionInformation info = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation;
      Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier);
      Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status);
      return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.",myID.ToString()) ;
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Service "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " is being recycled."
      );
    }
  }
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0

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