SecureString::SetAt Method (Int32, Char)

 

Replaces the existing character at the specified index position with another character.

Namespace:   System.Security
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
[HandleProcessCorruptedStateExceptionsAttribute]
void SetAt(
	int index,
	wchar_t c
)

Parameters

index
Type: System::Int32

The index position of an existing character in this secure string

c
Type: System::Char

A character that replaces the existing character.

Exception Condition
ObjectDisposedException

This secure string has already been disposed.

InvalidOperationException

This secure string is read-only.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index is less than zero, or greater than or equal to the length of this secure string.

CryptographicException

An error occurred while protecting or unprotecting the value of this secure string.

The index is zero-based; the first character in this instance is at index position zero.

If the implementation uses a protection mechanism, such as encryption, the value of the secure string, if any, is unprotected; c is assigned to the specified index position; then the new value is re-protected.

The following example demonstrates how the AppendChar, InsertAt, RemoveAt, SetAt, and Clear methods affect the value of a SecureString object.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security;

void main()
{
    String^ msg = L"   The current length of the SecureString object: {0}\n";
    SecureString ^ ss = gcnew SecureString;

    Console::WriteLine(L"1) Instantiate the SecureString object:");
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length );

    Console::WriteLine(L"2) Append 'a' to the value:");
    ss->AppendChar('a');
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length );

    Console::WriteLine(L"3) Append 'X' to the value:");
    ss->AppendChar('X');
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length);

    Console::WriteLine(L"4) Append 'c' to the value:");
    ss->AppendChar('c');
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length);

    Console::WriteLine(L"5) Insert 'd' at the end of the value:");
    ss->InsertAt(ss->Length, 'd');
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length);

    Console::WriteLine(L"6) Remove the last character ('d') from the value:");
    ss->RemoveAt(3);
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length);

    Console::WriteLine(L"7) Set the second character ('X') of the value to 'b':" );
    ss->SetAt(1, 'b');
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length );

    Console::WriteLine(L"8) Delete the value of the SecureString object:");
    ss->Clear();
    Console::WriteLine(msg, ss->Length);

    delete ss;
}

/*
This code example produces the following results:

This example demonstrates the effect of the AppendChar, InsertAt,
RemoveAt, SetAt, and Clear methods on the value of a SecureString
object. This example simulates the value of the object because the
actual value is encrypted.

1) The initial value of the SecureString object:
   SecureString = ""
   Length = 0

2) AppendChar: Append 'a' to the value:
   SecureString = "a"
   Length = 1

3) AppendChar: Append 'X' to the value:
   SecureString = "aX"
   Length = 2

4) AppendChar: Append 'c' to the value:
   SecureString = "aXc"
   Length = 3

5) InsertAt: Insert 'd' at the end of the value (equivalent
     to AppendChar):
   SecureString = "aXcd"
   Length = 4

6) RemoveAt: Remove the last character ('d') from the value:
   SecureString = "aXc"
   Length = 3

7) SetAt: Set the second character ('X') of the value to 'b':
   SecureString = "abc"
   Length = 3

8) Clear: Delete the value of the SecureString object:
   SecureString = ""
   Length = 0
*/

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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