EncryptionPropertyCollection Class

EncryptionPropertyCollection Class

Represents a collection of EncryptionProperty classes used in XML encryption. This class cannot be inherited.

System.Object
  System.Security.Cryptography.Xml.EncryptionPropertyCollection

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Assembly:  System.Security (in System.Security.dll)

[HostProtectionAttribute(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, MayLeakOnAbort = true)]
public sealed class EncryptionPropertyCollection : IList, 
	ICollection, IEnumerable

The EncryptionPropertyCollection type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodEncryptionPropertyCollectionInitializes a new instance of the EncryptionPropertyCollection class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyCountGets the number of elements contained in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public propertyIsFixedSizeGets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object has a fixed size.
Public propertyIsReadOnlyGets a value that indicates whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is read-only.
Public propertyIsSynchronizedGets a value that indicates whether access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object is synchronized (thread safe).
Public propertyItemOfGets or sets the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.
Public propertySyncRootGets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
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  NameDescription
Public methodAddAdds an EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public methodClearRemoves all items from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public methodContainsDetermines whether the EncryptionPropertyCollection object contains a specific EncryptionProperty object.
Public methodCopyTo(Array, Int32)Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array, starting at a particular array index.
Public methodCopyTo(EncryptionProperty[], Int32)Copies the elements of the EncryptionPropertyCollection object to an array of EncryptionProperty objects, starting at a particular array index.
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetEnumeratorReturns an enumerator that iterates through an EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIndexOfDetermines the index of a specific item in the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public methodInsertInserts an EncryptionProperty object into the EncryptionPropertyCollection object at the specified position.
Public methodItemReturns the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodRemoveRemoves the first occurrence of a specific EncryptionProperty object from the EncryptionPropertyCollection object.
Public methodRemoveAtRemoves the EncryptionProperty object at the specified index.
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodAsParallelEnables parallelization of a query. (Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)
Public Extension MethodAsQueryableConverts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable. (Defined by Queryable.)
Public Extension MethodCast<TResult>Converts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.)
Public Extension MethodOfType<TResult>Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type. (Defined by Enumerable.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIList.AddAdds an item to the IList.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIList.ContainsDetermines whether the IList contains a specific value.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIList.IndexOfDetermines the index of a specific item in the IList.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIList.InsertInserts an item to the IList at the specified index.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIList.ItemGets the element at the specified index.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIList.RemoveRemoves the first occurrence of a specific object from the IList.
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The EncryptionProperty class encapsulates the <EncryptionProperty> element defined by the World Wide Web Consortium XML Encryption specification located at http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlenc-core/.

Use the EncryptionProperty class to provide additional encryption information related to the EncryptedData and EncryptedKey elements. For example, you can use this class to specify a time stamp.

NoteNote

The HostProtectionAttribute attribute applied to this type or member has the following Resources property value: MayLeakOnAbort. The HostProtectionAttribute does not affect desktop applications (which are typically started by double-clicking an icon, typing a command, or entering a URL in a browser). For more information, see the HostProtectionAttribute class or SQL Server Programming and Host Protection Attributes.

The following code example encrypts and decrypts an XML document. This code example creates an EncryptionProperty object that contains custom information about the EncryptedKey element, and adds the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection of the EncryptedXml class. Finally, this code example displays information about the EncryptionProperty object and the EncryptionPropertyCollection collection.


using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;

class Program
{
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {

        // Create an XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();

        // Load an XML file into the XmlDocument object.
        try
        {
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.Load("test.xml");
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }

        // Create a new RSA key.  This key will encrypt a symmetric key,
        // which will then be imbedded in the XML document.  
        RSA rsaKey = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();


        try
        {
            // Encrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Encrypt(xmlDoc, "creditcard", rsaKey, "rsaKey");

            // Inspect the EncryptedKey element.
            InspectElement(xmlDoc);

            // Decrypt the "creditcard" element.
            Decrypt(xmlDoc, rsaKey, "rsaKey");

        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RSA key.
            rsaKey.Clear();
        }

    }

    public static void Encrypt(XmlDocument Doc, string ElementToEncrypt, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (ElementToEncrypt == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("ElementToEncrypt");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Find the specified element in the XmlDocument
        // object and create a new XmlElemnt object.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////

        XmlElement elementToEncrypt = Doc.GetElementsByTagName(ElementToEncrypt)[0] as XmlElement;

        // Throw an XmlException if the element was not found.
        if (elementToEncrypt == null)
        {
            throw new XmlException("The specified element was not found");

        }

        //////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Create a new instance of the EncryptedXml class 
        // and use it to encrypt the XmlElement with the 
        // a new random symmetric key.
        //////////////////////////////////////////////////

        // Create a 256 bit Rijndael key.
        RijndaelManaged sessionKey = new RijndaelManaged();
        sessionKey.KeySize = 256;

        EncryptedXml eXml = new EncryptedXml();

        byte[] encryptedElement = eXml.EncryptData(elementToEncrypt, sessionKey, false);

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Construct an EncryptedData object and populate
        // it with the desired encryption information.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////


        EncryptedData edElement = new EncryptedData();
        edElement.Type = EncryptedXml.XmlEncElementUrl;

        // Create an EncryptionMethod element so that the 
        // receiver knows which algorithm to use for decryption.

        edElement.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncAES256Url);

        // Encrypt the session key and add it to an EncryptedKey element.
        EncryptedKey ek = new EncryptedKey();

        byte[] encryptedKey = EncryptedXml.EncryptKey(sessionKey.Key, Alg, false);

        ek.CipherData = new CipherData(encryptedKey);

        ek.EncryptionMethod = new EncryptionMethod(EncryptedXml.XmlEncRSA15Url);

        // Save some more information about the key using
        // the EncryptionProperty element.  In this example,
        // we will save the value "LibVersion1".  You can save
        // anything you want here.

        // Create a new "EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object. 
        XmlElement element =  new XmlDocument().CreateElement("EncryptionProperty", EncryptedXml.XmlEncNamespaceUrl);

        // Set the value of the EncryptionProperty" XmlElement object.
        element.InnerText = "LibVersion1";

        // Create the EncryptionProperty object using the XmlElement object. 
        EncryptionProperty encProp = new EncryptionProperty(element);

        // Add the EncryptionProperty object to the EncryptedData object.
        edElement.AddProperty(encProp);

        // Set the KeyInfo element to specify the
        // name of the RSA key.

        // Create a new KeyInfo element.
        edElement.KeyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Create a new KeyInfoName element.
        KeyInfoName kin = new KeyInfoName();

        // Specify a name for the key.
        kin.Value = KeyName;

        // Add the KeyInfoName element to the 
        // EncryptedKey object.
        ek.KeyInfo.AddClause(kin);

        // Add the encrypted key to the 
        // EncryptedData object.

        edElement.KeyInfo.AddClause(new KeyInfoEncryptedKey(ek));

        // Add the encrypted element data to the 
        // EncryptedData object.
        edElement.CipherData.CipherValue = encryptedElement;

        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////
        // Replace the element from the original XmlDocument
        // object with the EncryptedData element.
        ////////////////////////////////////////////////////

        EncryptedXml.ReplaceElement(elementToEncrypt, edElement, false);

    }

    public static void Decrypt(XmlDocument Doc, RSA Alg, string KeyName)
    {
        // Check the arguments.  
        if (Doc == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Doc");
        if (Alg == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Alg");
        if (KeyName == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("KeyName");

        // Create a new EncryptedXml object.
        EncryptedXml exml = new EncryptedXml(Doc);

        // Add a key-name mapping.
        // This method can only decrypt documents
        // that present the specified key name.
        exml.AddKeyNameMapping(KeyName, Alg);

        // Decrypt the element.
        exml.DecryptDocument();

    }

    static void InspectElement(XmlDocument Doc)
    {
        // Get the EncryptedData element from the XMLDocument object.
        XmlElement encryptedData = Doc.GetElementsByTagName("EncryptedData")[0] as XmlElement;

        // Create a new EncryptedData object.
        EncryptedData encData = new EncryptedData();

        // Load the XML from the document to
        // initialize the EncryptedData object.
        encData.LoadXml(encryptedData);

        // Display the properties.
        // Most values are Null by default.

        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.CipherData: " + encData.CipherData.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Encoding: " + encData.Encoding);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.EncryptionMethod: " + encData.EncryptionMethod.GetXml().InnerXml);

        EncryptionPropertyCollection encPropCollection = encData.EncryptionProperties;

        Console.WriteLine("Number of elements in the EncryptionPropertyCollection: " + encPropCollection.Count);
        //encPropCollection.

        foreach(EncryptionProperty encProp in encPropCollection)
        {
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.ID: " + encProp.Id);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.PropertyElement: " + encProp.PropertyElement.InnerXml);
                Console.WriteLine("EncryptionProperty.Target: " + encProp.Target);

        }



        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.Id: " + encData.Id);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.KeyInfo: " + encData.KeyInfo.GetXml().InnerXml);
        Console.WriteLine("EncryptedData.MimeType: " + encData.MimeType);
    }

}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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