X509Extension Class
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X509Extension Class

 

Represents an X509 extension.

Namespace:   System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)


public class X509Extension : AsnEncodedData

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protmethodX509Extension()

Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodX509Extension(AsnEncodedData, Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodX509Extension(Oid, Byte[], Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodX509Extension(String, Byte[], Boolean)

Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyCritical

Gets a Boolean value indicating whether the extension is critical.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyOid

Gets or sets the Oid value for an AsnEncodedData object.(Inherited from AsnEncodedData.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyRawData

Gets or sets the Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)-encoded data represented in a byte array.(Inherited from AsnEncodedData.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodCopyFrom(AsnEncodedData)

Copies the extension properties of the specified AsnEncodedData object.(Overrides AsnEncodedData.CopyFrom(AsnEncodedData).)

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodFormat(Boolean)

Returns a formatted version of the Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)-encoded data as a string.(Inherited from AsnEncodedData.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

X509 extensions are dynamic, extended properties that can be added to an X509 certificate and changed. The X509Extension class can be used to create extensions that are associated with a certificate but are not part of a certificate as issued by a certification authority (CA).

In its most basic form, an X509 extension has an object identifier (OID), a Boolean value describing whether the extension is considered critical or not, and ASN-encoded data. Custom extensions can be registered in a CryptoConfig file.

The.NET Framework includes implementations of several common X509 extensions:

The following code example demonstrates using the X509Extension class.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

public class CertSelect
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            X509Store store = new X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
            store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

            X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
            for (int i = 0; i < collection.Count; i++)
            {
                foreach (X509Extension extension in collection[i].Extensions)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(extension.Oid.FriendlyName + "(" + extension.Oid.Value + ")");


                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Key Usage")
                    {
                        X509KeyUsageExtension ext = (X509KeyUsageExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.KeyUsages);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Basic Constraints")
                    {
                        X509BasicConstraintsExtension ext = (X509BasicConstraintsExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.CertificateAuthority);
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.HasPathLengthConstraint);
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.PathLengthConstraint);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Subject Key Identifier")
                    {
                        X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension ext = (X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.SubjectKeyIdentifier);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Enhanced Key Usage")
                    {
                        X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension ext = (X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension)extension;
                        OidCollection oids = ext.EnhancedKeyUsages;
                        foreach (Oid oid in oids)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine(oid.FriendlyName + "(" + oid.Value + ")");
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            store.Close();
        }
        catch (CryptographicException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
        }
    }
}

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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