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X509Certificate2.PublicKey Property

Gets a PublicKey object associated with a certificate.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public PublicKey PublicKey { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.PublicKey
A PublicKey object.

ExceptionCondition
CryptographicException

The key value is not an RSA or DSA key, or the key is unreadable.

This property returns a PublicKey object, which contains the object identifier (Oid) representing the public key algorithm, the ASN.1-encoded parameters, and the ASN.1-encoded key value.

You can also obtain the key as an AsymmetricAlgorithm object by referencing the PublicKey property. This property supports only RSA or DSA keys, so it returns either an RSACryptoServiceProvider or a DSACryptoServiceProvider object that represents the public key.

The following code example creates a command-line executable that takes a certificate file as an argument and prints various certificate properties to the console.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class CertSelect
{
	static void Main()
	{
		try
		{
			X509Store store = new X509Store("MY",StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
			store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);
			X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
			X509Certificate2Collection fcollection = (X509Certificate2Collection)collection.Find(X509FindType.FindByTimeValid,DateTime.Now,false);
			X509Certificate2Collection scollection = X509Certificate2UI.SelectFromCollection(fcollection, "Test Certificate Select","Select a certificate from the following list to get information on that certificate",X509SelectionFlag.MultiSelection);
			Console.WriteLine("Number of certificates: {0}{1}",scollection.Count,Environment.NewLine);
				foreach (X509Certificate2 x509 in scollection)
				{
					byte[] rawdata = x509.RawData;
					Console.WriteLine("Content Type: {0}{1}",X509Certificate2.GetCertContentType(rawdata),Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Friendly Name: {0}{1}",x509.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Certificate Verified?: {0}{1}",x509.Verify(),Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Simple Name: {0}{1}",x509.GetNameInfo(X509NameType.SimpleName,true),Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Signature Algorithm: {0}{1}",x509.SignatureAlgorithm.FriendlyName,Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Private Key: {0}{1}",x509.PrivateKey.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Public Key: {0}{1}",x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(false),Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Certificate Archived?: {0}{1}",x509.Archived,Environment.NewLine);
					Console.WriteLine("Length of Raw Data: {0}{1}",x509.RawData.Length,Environment.NewLine);
					X509Certificate2UI.DisplayCertificate(x509);
					x509.Reset();
				}
			store.Close();
			}
		catch (CryptographicException)
			{
				   Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
			}
		
	}
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0
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