Rijndael Class
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Rijndael Class

Updated: August 2010

Represents the base class from which all implementations of the Rijndael symmetric encryption algorithm must inherit.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public MustInherit Class Rijndael _
	Inherits SymmetricAlgorithm
'Usage
Dim instance As Rijndael

This algorithm supports key lengths of 128, 192, or 256 bits.

The Rijndael class is the predecessor of the Aes algorithm. You should use the Aes algorithm instead of Rijndael. For more information, see the entry The Differences Between Rijndael and AES in the .NET Security blog.

The following code example uses the Rijndael class to encrypt and then decrypt data.

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Class RijndaelExample

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Try 

            Dim original As String = "Here is some data to encrypt!" 

            ' Create a new instance of the Rijndael 
            ' class.  This generates a new key and initialization  
            ' vector (IV). 
            Using myRijndael = Rijndael.Create()

                ' Encrypt the string to an array of bytes. 
                Dim encrypted As Byte() = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                ' Decrypt the bytes to a string. 
                Dim roundtrip As String = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV)

                'Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original)
                Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip)
            End Using 
        Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message)
        End Try 

    End Sub 'Main

    Shared Function EncryptStringToBytes(ByVal plainText As String, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As Byte()
        ' Check arguments. 
        If plainText Is Nothing OrElse plainText.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("plainText")
        End If 
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If 
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If 
        Dim encrypted() As Byte
        ' Create an Rijndael object 
        ' with the specified key and IV. 
        Using rijAlg = Rijndael.Create()

            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform. 
            Dim encryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)
            ' Create the streams used for encryption. 
            Using msEncrypt As New MemoryStream()
                Using csEncrypt As New CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
                    Using swEncrypt As New StreamWriter(csEncrypt)

                        'Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText)
                    End Using
                    encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray()
                End Using 
            End Using 
        End Using 

        ' Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream. 
        Return encrypted

    End Function 'EncryptStringToBytes

    Shared Function DecryptStringFromBytes(ByVal cipherText() As Byte, ByVal Key() As Byte, ByVal IV() As Byte) As String 
        ' Check arguments. 
        If cipherText Is Nothing OrElse cipherText.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("cipherText")
        End If 
        If Key Is Nothing OrElse Key.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If 
        If IV Is Nothing OrElse IV.Length <= 0 Then 
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("Key")
        End If 
        ' Declare the string used to hold 
        ' the decrypted text. 
        Dim plaintext As String = Nothing 

        ' Create an Rijndael object 
        ' with the specified key and IV. 
        Using rijAlg = Rijndael.Create()
            rijAlg.Key = Key
            rijAlg.IV = IV

            ' Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform. 
            Dim decryptor As ICryptoTransform = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV)

            ' Create the streams used for decryption. 
            Using msDecrypt As New MemoryStream(cipherText)

                Using csDecrypt As New CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)

                    Using srDecrypt As New StreamReader(csDecrypt)


                        ' Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream 
                        ' and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd()
                    End Using 
                End Using 
            End Using 
        End Using 

        Return plaintext

    End Function 'DecryptStringFromBytes 
End Class

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

Date

History

Reason

August 2010

Added information about the history and use of the algorithm.

Customer feedback.

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