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HMACRIPEMD160 Class

Computes a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC) using the RIPEMD160 hash function.

Namespace: System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public Class HMACRIPEMD160
	Inherits HMAC
'Usage
Dim instance As HMACRIPEMD160

/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public class HMACRIPEMD160 extends HMAC
ComVisibleAttribute(true) 
public class HMACRIPEMD160 extends HMAC
Not applicable.

HMACRIPEMD160 is a type of keyed hash algorithm that is constructed from the RIPEMD160 hash function and used as a Hash-based Message Authentication Code (HMAC). The HMAC process mixes a secret key with the message data, hashes the result with the hash function, mixes that hash value with the secret key again, and then applies the hash function a second time. The output hash is 160 bits in length.

An HMAC can be used to determine whether a message sent over an insecure channel has been tampered with, provided that the sender and receiver share a secret key. The sender computes the hash value for the original data and sends both the original data and hash value as a single message. The receiver recalculates the hash value on the received message and checks that the computed HMAC matches the transmitted HMAC.

Any change to the data or the hash value will result in a mismatch, because knowledge of the secret key is required to change the message and reproduce the correct hash value. Therefore, if the original and computed hash values match, the message is authenticated.

HMACRIPEMD160 accepts keys of any size, and produces a hash sequence that is 160 bits long.

The RIPEMD hash algorithm and its successors were developed by the European RIPE project. The original RIPEMD algorithm was designed to replace MD4 and MD5 and was later strengthened and renamed RIPEMD-160. The RIPEMD-160 hash algorithm produces a 160-bit hash value. The algorithm's designers have placed it in the public domain .

The following code example shows how to encode a file using the HMACRIPEMD160 object and then how to decode the file.

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Public Class HMACRIPEMD160example

    ' Computes a keyed hash for a source file, creates a target file with the keyed hash
    ' prepended to the contents of the source file, then decrypts the file and compares
    ' the source and the decrypted files.
    Public Shared Sub EncodeFile(ByVal key() As Byte, ByVal sourceFile As String, ByVal destFile As String)
        ' Initialize the keyed hash object.
        Dim myhmacRIPEMD160 As New HMACRIPEMD160(key)
        Dim inStream As New FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open)
        Dim outStream As New FileStream(destFile, FileMode.Create)
        ' Compute the hash of the input file.
        Dim hashValue As Byte() = myhmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream)
        ' Reset inStream to the beginning of the file.
        inStream.Position = 0
        ' Write the computed hash value to the output file.
        outStream.Write(hashValue, 0, hashValue.Length)
        ' Copy the contents of the sourceFile to the destFile.
        Dim bytesRead As Integer
        ' read 1K at a time
        Dim buffer(1023) As Byte
        Do
            ' Read from the wrapping CryptoStream.
            bytesRead = inStream.Read(buffer, 0, 1024)
            outStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead)
        Loop While bytesRead > 0
        myhmacRIPEMD160.Clear()
        ' Close the streams
        inStream.Close()
        outStream.Close()
        Return

    End Sub


    ' Decrypt the encoded file and compare to original file.
    Public Shared Function DecodeFile(ByVal key() As Byte, ByVal sourceFile As String) As Boolean
        ' Initialize the keyed hash object. 
        Dim hmacRIPEMD160 As New HMACRIPEMD160(key)
        ' Create an array to hold the keyed hash value read from the file.
        Dim storedHash(hmacRIPEMD160.HashSize / 8) As Byte
        ' Create a FileStream for the source file.
        Dim inStream As New FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open)
        ' Read in the storedHash.
        inStream.Read(storedHash, 0, storedHash.Length)
        ' Compute the hash of the remaining contents of the file.
        ' The stream is properly positioned at the beginning of the content, 
        ' immediately after the stored hash value.
        Dim computedHash As Byte() = hmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream)
        ' compare the computed hash with the stored value
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To storedHash.Length
            If computedHash(i) <> storedHash(i) Then
                Console.WriteLine("Hash values differ! Encoded file has been tampered with!")
                Return False
            End If
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine("Hash values agree -- no tampering occurred.")
        Return True

    End Function
    Private Const usageText As String = "Usage: HMACRIPEMD160 inputfile.txt encryptedfile.hsh" + vbLf + "You must specify the two file names. Only the first file must exist." + vbLf

    Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal Fileargs() As String)
        'If no file names are specified, write usage text.
        If Fileargs.Length < 2 Then
            Console.WriteLine(usageText)
        Else
            Try
                ' Create a random key using a random number generator. This would be the
                '  secret key shared by sender and receiver.
                Dim secretkey() As Byte = New [Byte](63) {}
                'RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random number generator.
                Dim rng As New RNGCryptoServiceProvider()
                ' The array is now filled with cryptographically strong random bytes.
                rng.GetBytes(secretkey)

                ' Use the secret key to encode the message file.
                EncodeFile(secretkey, Fileargs(0), Fileargs(1))

                ' Take the encoded file and decode
                DecodeFile(secretkey, Fileargs(1))
            Catch e As IOException
                Console.WriteLine("Error: File not found", e)
            End Try
        End If

    End Sub
End Class


import System.*;
import System.IO.*;
import System.Security.Cryptography.*;

public class HMACRIPEMD160Example
{
    // Computes a keyed hash for a source file, creates a target file with the
    //  keyed hash prepended to the contents of the source file, then decrypts
    //  the file and compares the source and the decrypted files.
    public static void EncodeFile(ubyte key[], String sourceFile, 
        String destFile)
    {
        // Initialize the keyed hash object.
        HMACRIPEMD160 myhmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);
        FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);
        FileStream outStream = new FileStream(destFile, FileMode.Create);

        // Compute the hash of the input file.
        ubyte hashValue[] = myhmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);

        // Reset inStream to the beginning of the file.
        inStream.set_Position(0);

        // Write the computed hash value to the output file.
        outStream.Write(hashValue, 0, hashValue.length);

        // Copy the contents of the sourceFile to the destFile.
        int bytesRead;

        // read 1K at a time
        ubyte buffer[] = new ubyte[1024];
        do {
            // Read from the wrapping CryptoStream.
            bytesRead = inStream.Read(buffer, 0, 1024);
            outStream.Write(buffer, 0, bytesRead);
        } while (bytesRead > 0);
        myhmacRIPEMD160.Clear();

        // Close the streams
        inStream.Close();
        outStream.Close();
        return;
    } // end EncodeFile
    
    // Decrypt the encoded file and compare to original file.
    public static boolean DecodeFile(ubyte[] key, String sourceFile)
    {
        // Initialize the keyed hash object. 
        HMACRIPEMD160 hmacRIPEMD160 = new HMACRIPEMD160(key);

        // Create an array to hold the keyed hash value read from the file.
        ubyte storedHash[] = new ubyte[hmacRIPEMD160.get_HashSize() / 8];

        // Create a FileStream for the source file.
        FileStream inStream = new FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open);

        // Read in the storedHash.
        inStream.Read(storedHash, 0, storedHash.length);

        // Compute the hash of the remaining contents of the file.
        // The stream is properly positioned at the beginning of the content, 
        // immediately after the stored hash value.
        ubyte computedHash[] = hmacRIPEMD160.ComputeHash(inStream);

        // compare the computed hash with the stored value
        for (int i = 0; i < storedHash.length; i++) {
            if (computedHash.get_Item(i) != storedHash.get_Item(i)) {
                Console.WriteLine("Hash values differ! Encoded file has been" 
                    + "tampered with!");
                return false;
            }
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Hash values agree -- no tampering occurred.");
        return true;
    } //end DecodeFile

    private static String usageText = "Usage: HMACRIPEMD160 inputfile.txt " 
        + "encryptedfile.hsh\nYou must specify the two file names. Only the " 
        + " first file must exist.\n";

    public static void main(String[] fileargs)
    {
        //If no file names are specified, write usage text.
        if (fileargs.length < 2) {
            Console.WriteLine(usageText);
        }
        else {
            try {
                // Create a random key using a random number generator. This 
                // would be the secret key shared by sender and receiver.
                ubyte secretKey[] = new ubyte[64];

                //RNGCryptoServiceProvider is an implementation of a random
                // number generator.
                RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();

                // The array is now filled with cryptographically strong
                // random bytes.
                rng.GetBytes(secretKey);

                // Use the secret key to encode the message file.
                EncodeFile(secretKey, fileargs[0], fileargs[1]);

                // Take the encoded file and decode
                DecodeFile(secretKey, fileargs[1]);
            }
            catch (IOException e) {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: File not found", e);
            }
        }//end if-else
    } //end main
} //end class HMACRIPEMD160Example

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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