FromBase64Transform Class


Converts a CryptoStream from base 64.

Namespace:   System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)


Public Class FromBase64Transform
	Implements ICryptoTransform, IDisposable


Initializes a new instance of the FromBase64Transform class.


Initializes a new instance of the FromBase64Transform class with the specified transformation mode.


Gets a value indicating whether the current transform can be reused.


Gets a value that indicates whether multiple blocks can be transformed.


Gets the input block size.


Gets the output block size.


Releases all resources used by the FromBase64Transform.


Releases all resources used by the current instance of the FromBase64Transform class.


Releases the unmanaged resources used by the FromBase64Transform and optionally releases the managed resources.


Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Releases the unmanaged resources used by the FromBase64Transform.(Overrides Object.Finalize().)


Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodTransformBlock(Byte(), Int32, Int32, Byte(), Int32)

Converts the specified region of the input byte array from base 64 and copies the result to the specified region of the output byte array.

System_CAPS_pubmethodTransformFinalBlock(Byte(), Int32, Int32)

Converts the specified region of the specified byte array from base 64.

Base 64 Content-Transfer-Encoding represents arbitrary bit sequences in a form that is not human readable.

The following example decodes a base 64-encoded file to an output text file.

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Friend Class Members
    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Dim appPath As String = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory())
        appPath = appPath & "..\\..\\..\"
        ' Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath & "program.vb", appPath & "code.enc")
        DecodeFromFile(appPath & "code.enc", appPath & "roundtrip.txt")

    End Sub

    ' Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file.
    Private Shared Sub EncodeFromFile(ByVal sourceFile As String, ByVal targetFile As String)
        ' Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory.
        If Not File.Exists(sourceFile) Then
            Console.Write("Unable to locate source file located at ")
            Console.WriteLine(sourceFile & ".")
            Console.Write("Please correct the path and run the ")
            Console.WriteLine("sample again.")
        End If

        ' Retrieve the input and output file streams.
        Using inputFileStream As New FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
            Using outputFileStream As New FileStream(targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

                ' Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64.
                Dim base64Transform As New ToBase64Transform()

                ' Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size.
                Dim outputBytes(base64Transform.OutputBlockSize - 1) As Byte

                ' Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.
                Dim inputBytes(inputFileStream.Length - 1) As Byte
                inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length)

                ' Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed.
                If Not base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks Then
                    ' Initializie the offset size.
                    Dim inputOffset As Integer = 0

                    ' Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize.
                    Dim inputBlockSize As Integer = base64Transform.InputBlockSize

                    Do While inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize
                        base64Transform.TransformBlock(inputBytes, inputOffset, inputBytes.Length - inputOffset, outputBytes, 0)

                        inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize
                        outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, base64Transform.OutputBlockSize)

                    ' Transform the final block of data.
                    outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock(inputBytes, inputOffset, inputBytes.Length - inputOffset)

                    outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length)
                    Console.WriteLine("Created encoded file at " & targetFile)
                End If

                ' Determine if the current transform can be reused.
                If Not base64Transform.CanReuseTransform Then
                    ' Free up any used resources.
                End If
            End Using
        End Using

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub DecodeFromFile(ByVal inFileName As String, ByVal outFileName As String)
        Using myTransform As New FromBase64Transform(FromBase64TransformMode.IgnoreWhiteSpaces)

            Dim myOutputBytes(myTransform.OutputBlockSize - 1) As Byte

            'Open the input and output files.
            Using myInputFile As New FileStream(inFileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
                Using myOutputFile As New FileStream(outFileName, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

                    'Retrieve the file contents into a byte array. 
                    Dim myInputBytes(myInputFile.Length - 1) As Byte
                    myInputFile.Read(myInputBytes, 0, myInputBytes.Length)

                    'Transform the data in chunks the size of InputBlockSize. 
                    Dim i As Integer = 0
                    Do While myInputBytes.Length - i > 4 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        Dim bytesWritten As Int32 = myTransform.TransformBlock(myInputBytes, i, 4, myOutputBytes, 0) 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        i += 4 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        myOutputFile.Write(myOutputBytes, 0, bytesWritten)

                    'Transform the final block of data.
                    myOutputBytes = myTransform.TransformFinalBlock(myInputBytes, i, myInputBytes.Length - i)
                    myOutputFile.Write(myOutputBytes, 0, myOutputBytes.Length)

                    'Free up any used resources.
                End Using
            End Using
        End Using

    End Sub
End Class

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1

Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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