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FromBase64Transform Class

Converts a CryptoStream from base 64.

Namespace:  System.Security.Cryptography
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public Class FromBase64Transform _
	Implements ICryptoTransform, IDisposable
Dim instance As FromBase64Transform

Base 64 Content-Transfer-Encoding represents arbitrary bit sequences in a form that is not human readable.

The following example decrypts a base 64-encoded file to an output text file.

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography

Friend Class Members
    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Dim appPath As String = (System.IO.Directory.GetCurrentDirectory())
        appPath = appPath & "..\\..\\..\" 
        ' Insert your file names into this method call.
        EncodeFromFile(appPath & "program.vb", appPath & "code.enc")
        DecodeFromFile(appPath & "code.enc", appPath & "roundtrip.txt")

    End Sub 

    ' Read in the specified source file and write out an encoded target file. 
    Private Shared Sub EncodeFromFile(ByVal sourceFile As String, ByVal targetFile As String)
        ' Verify members.cs exists at the specified directory. 
        If Not File.Exists(sourceFile) Then
            Console.Write("Unable to locate source file located at ")
            Console.WriteLine(sourceFile & ".")
            Console.Write("Please correct the path and run the ")
            Console.WriteLine("sample again.")
        End If 

        ' Retrieve the input and output file streams. 
        Using inputFileStream As New FileStream(sourceFile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
            Using outputFileStream As New FileStream(targetFile, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

                ' Create a new ToBase64Transform object to convert to base 64. 
                Dim base64Transform As New ToBase64Transform()

                ' Create a new byte array with the size of the output block size. 
                Dim outputBytes(base64Transform.OutputBlockSize - 1) As Byte

                ' Retrieve the file contents into a byte array. 
                Dim inputBytes(inputFileStream.Length - 1) As Byte
                inputFileStream.Read(inputBytes, 0, inputBytes.Length)

                ' Verify that multiple blocks can not be transformed. 
                If Not base64Transform.CanTransformMultipleBlocks Then 
                    ' Initializie the offset size. 
                    Dim inputOffset As Integer = 0

                    ' Iterate through inputBytes transforming by blockSize. 
                    Dim inputBlockSize As Integer = base64Transform.InputBlockSize

                    Do While inputBytes.Length - inputOffset > inputBlockSize
                        base64Transform.TransformBlock(inputBytes, inputOffset, inputBytes.Length - inputOffset, outputBytes, 0)

                        inputOffset += base64Transform.InputBlockSize
                        outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, base64Transform.OutputBlockSize)

                    ' Transform the final block of data.
                    outputBytes = base64Transform.TransformFinalBlock(inputBytes, inputOffset, inputBytes.Length - inputOffset)

                    outputFileStream.Write(outputBytes, 0, outputBytes.Length)
                    Console.WriteLine("Created encoded file at " & targetFile)
                End If 

                ' Determine if the current transform can be reused. 
                If Not base64Transform.CanReuseTransform Then 
                    ' Free up any used resources.
                End If 
            End Using 
        End Using 

    End Sub 

    Public Shared Sub DecodeFromFile(ByVal inFileName As String, ByVal outFileName As String)
        Using myTransform As New FromBase64Transform(FromBase64TransformMode.IgnoreWhiteSpaces)

            Dim myOutputBytes(myTransform.OutputBlockSize - 1) As Byte

            'Open the input and output files. 
            Using myInputFile As New FileStream(inFileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
                Using myOutputFile As New FileStream(outFileName, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write)

                    'Retrieve the file contents into a byte array.  
                    Dim myInputBytes(myInputFile.Length - 1) As Byte
                    myInputFile.Read(myInputBytes, 0, myInputBytes.Length)

                    'Transform the data in chunks the size of InputBlockSize.  
                    Dim i As Integer = 0
                    Do While myInputBytes.Length - i > 4 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        Dim bytesWritten As Int32 = myTransform.TransformBlock(myInputBytes, i, 4, myOutputBytes, 0) 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        i += 4 'myTransform.InputBlockSize
                        myOutputFile.Write(myOutputBytes, 0, bytesWritten)

                    'Transform the final block of data.
                    myOutputBytes = myTransform.TransformFinalBlock(myInputBytes, i, myInputBytes.Length - i)
                    myOutputFile.Write(myOutputBytes, 0, myOutputBytes.Length)

                    'Free up any used resources.
                End Using 
            End Using 
        End Using 

    End Sub 
End Class


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0