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BinaryFormatter.Binder Property

Gets or sets an object of type SerializationBinder that controls the binding of a serialized object to a type.

Namespace:  System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public SerializationBinder Binder { get; set; }

Property Value

Type: System.Runtime.Serialization.SerializationBinder
The serialization binder to use with this formatter.

Implements

IFormatter.Binder

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security.Permissions;


class App 
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main() 
    {
        Serialize();
        Deserialize();
    }

    static void Serialize() 
    {
        // To serialize the objects, you must first open a stream for writing.  
        // Use a file stream here.
        FileStream fs = new FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Create);

        try 
        {
            // Construct a BinaryFormatter and use it  
            // to serialize the data to the stream.
            BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();

            // Construct a Version1Type object and serialize it.
            Version1Type obj = new Version1Type();
            obj.x = 123;
            formatter.Serialize(fs, obj);
        }
        catch (SerializationException e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to serialize. Reason: " + e.Message);
            throw;
        }
        finally 
        {
            fs.Close();
        }
    }


    static void Deserialize() 
    {
        // Declare the Version2Type reference.
        Version2Type obj = null;

        // Open the file containing the data that you want to deserialize.
        FileStream fs = new FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Open);
        try 
        {
            // Construct a BinaryFormatter and use it  
            // to deserialize the data from the stream.
            BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();

            // Construct an instance of our the 
            // Version1ToVersion2TypeSerialiationBinder type. 
            // This Binder type can deserialize a Version1Type   
            // object to a Version2Type object.
            formatter.Binder = new Version1ToVersion2DeserializationBinder();

            obj = (Version2Type) formatter.Deserialize(fs);
        }
        catch (SerializationException e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to deserialize. Reason: " + e.Message);
            throw;
        }
        finally 
        {
            fs.Close();
        }

        // To prove that a Version2Type object was deserialized,  
        // display the object's type and fields to the console.
        Console.WriteLine("Type of object deserialized: " + obj.GetType());
        Console.WriteLine("x = {0}, name = {1}", obj.x, obj.name);
    }
}


[Serializable]
class Version1Type 
{
    public Int32 x;
}


[Serializable]
class Version2Type : ISerializable 
{
    public Int32 x;
    public String name;

    // The security attribute demands that code that calls 
    // this method have permission to perform serialization.
    [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand,SerializationFormatter=true)]
    void ISerializable.GetObjectData(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context) 
    {
        info.AddValue("x", x);
        info.AddValue("name", name);
    }

    // The security attribute demands that code that calls   
    // this method have permission to perform serialization.
    [SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand,SerializationFormatter=true)]
    private Version2Type(SerializationInfo info, StreamingContext context) 
    {
        x = info.GetInt32("x");
        try 
        {
            name = info.GetString("name");
        }
        catch (SerializationException) 
        {
            // The "name" field was not serialized because Version1Type 
            // did not contain this field. 
            // Set this field to a reasonable default value.
            name = "Reasonable default value";
        }
    }
}


sealed class Version1ToVersion2DeserializationBinder : SerializationBinder 
{
    public override Type BindToType(string assemblyName, string typeName) 
    {
        Type typeToDeserialize = null;

        // For each assemblyName/typeName that you want to deserialize to 
        // a different type, set typeToDeserialize to the desired type.
        String assemVer1 = Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly().FullName;
        String typeVer1 = "Version1Type";

        if (assemblyName == assemVer1 && typeName == typeVer1) 
        {
            // To use a type from a different assembly version,  
            // change the version number. 
            // To do this, uncomment the following line of code. 
            // assemblyName = assemblyName.Replace("1.0.0.0", "2.0.0.0");

            // To use a different type from the same assembly,  
            // change the type name.
            typeName = "Version2Type";
        }

        // The following line of code returns the type.
        typeToDeserialize = Type.GetType(String.Format("{0}, {1}", 
            typeName, assemblyName));

        return typeToDeserialize;
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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