HttpChannel Class

 
System_CAPS_noteNote

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Implements a client channel for remote calls that uses the HTTP protocol to transmit messages.

Namespace:   System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels.Http
Assembly:  System.Runtime.Remoting (in System.Runtime.Remoting.dll)


public class HttpChannel : BaseChannelWithProperties, IChannelReceiver, 
	IChannel, IChannelSender, IChannelReceiverHook, ISecurableChannel

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodHttpChannel()

Initializes a new instance of the HttpChannel class.

System_CAPS_pubmethodHttpChannel(IDictionary, IClientChannelSinkProvider, IServerChannelSinkProvider)

Initializes a new instance of the HttpChannel class with the specified configuration properties and sinks.

System_CAPS_pubmethodHttpChannel(Int32)

Initializes a new instance of the HttpChannel class with a server channel that listens on the specified port.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyChannelData

Gets the channel-specific data.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyChannelName

Gets the name of the current channel.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyChannelPriority

Gets the priority of the current channel.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyChannelScheme

Gets the type of listener to hook into (for example, "http").

System_CAPS_pubpropertyChannelSinkChain

Gets the channel sink chain that the current channel is using.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyCount

Gets the number of properties associated with the channel object.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsFixedSize

Gets a value that indicates whether the number of properties that can be entered into the channel object is fixed.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsReadOnly

Gets a value that indicates whether the collection of properties in the channel object is read-only.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsSecured

Gets or sets a Boolean value that indicates whether the current channel is secure.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyIsSynchronized

Gets a value that indicates whether the dictionary of channel object properties is synchronized.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyItem[Object]

Returns the specified channel property.(Overrides BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.Item[Object].)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyKeys

Gets a ICollection of keys that the channel properties are associated with.(Overrides BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.Keys.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyProperties

Gets a IDictionary of the channel properties associated with the current channel.(Overrides BaseChannelWithProperties.Properties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySyncRoot

Gets an object that is used to synchronize access to the BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyValues

Gets a ICollection of the values of the properties associated with the channel object.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyWantsToListen

Gets a Boolean value that indicates whether the current instance wants to be hooked into the outside listener service.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAdd(Object, Object)
System_CAPS_pubmethodAddHookChannelUri(String)

Adds a URI on which the channel hook should listen.

System_CAPS_pubmethodClear()
System_CAPS_pubmethodContains(Object)

Returns a value that indicates whether the channel object contains a property that is associated with the specified key.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCopyTo(Array, Int32)
System_CAPS_pubmethodCreateMessageSink(String, Object, String)

Returns a channel message sink that delivers messages to the specified URL or channel data object.

System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetEnumerator()

Returns a IDictionaryEnumerator that enumerates over all the properties associated with the channel object.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetUrlsForUri(String)

Returns an array of all the URLs for an object with the specified URI, hosted on the current HttpChannel.

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodParse(String, String)

Extracts the channel URI and the remote well-known object URI from the specified URL.

System_CAPS_pubmethodRemove(Object)
System_CAPS_pubmethodStartListening(Object)

Instructs the current channel to start listening for requests.

System_CAPS_pubmethodStopListening(Object)

Instructs the current channel to stop listening for requests.

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_protfieldSinksWithProperties

Indicates the top channel sink in the channel sink stack.(Inherited from BaseChannelWithProperties.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodIEnumerable.GetEnumerator()

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Returns a IEnumerator that enumerates over all the properties that are associated with the channel object.(Inherited from BaseChannelObjectWithProperties.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodAsParallel()

Overloaded. Enables parallelization of a query.(Defined by ParallelEnumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodAsQueryable()

Overloaded. Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.(Defined by Queryable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodCast<TResult>()

Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodOfType<TResult>()

Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.(Defined by Enumerable.)

Channels transport messages across remoting boundaries (for example, between computers or application domains). The HttpChannel class transports messages using the HTTP protocol.

Channels are used by the .NET Framework remoting infrastructure to transport remote calls. When a client makes a call to a remote object, the call is serialized into a message that is sent by a client channel and received by a server channel. It is then deserialized and processed. Any returned values are transmitted by the server channel and received by the client channel.

A HttpChannel object has associated configuration properties that can be set at run time either in a configuration file (by invoking the static RemotingConfiguration.Configure method) or programmatically (by passing a IDictionary collection to the HttpChannel constructor). For a list of these configuration properties, see Channel and Formatter Configuration Properties.

The following code example shows how to use a HttpClientChannel to set up a remoting server and its client. The example contains three parts:

  • A server

  • A client

  • A remote object used by the server and the client

The following code example shows a server.

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels.Http;

public class Server
{
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // Create the server channel.
        HttpServerChannel serverChannel = new HttpServerChannel(9090);

        // Register the server channel.
        ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(serverChannel);

        // Expose an object for remote calls.
        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterWellKnownServiceType(
            typeof(RemoteObject), "RemoteObject.rem", 
            WellKnownObjectMode.Singleton);

        // Wait for the user prompt.
        Console.WriteLine("Press ENTER to exit the server.");
        Console.ReadLine();
        Console.WriteLine("The server is exiting.");
    }
}

The following code example shows a client for this server.

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels.Http;
using System.Security.Permissions;

public class Client
{
[SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand)]
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        // Create the channel.
        HttpClientChannel clientChannel = new HttpClientChannel();

        // Register the channel.
        ChannelServices.RegisterChannel(clientChannel);

        // Register as client for remote object.
        WellKnownClientTypeEntry remoteType = 
            new WellKnownClientTypeEntry(typeof(RemoteObject), 
            "http://localhost:9090/RemoteObject.rem");
        RemotingConfiguration.RegisterWellKnownClientType(remoteType);

        // Create a message sink.
        string objectUri;
        System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging.IMessageSink messageSink = 
            clientChannel.CreateMessageSink(
            "http://localhost:9090/RemoteObject.rem", 
            null, out objectUri);
        Console.WriteLine(
            "The URI of the message sink is {0}.", 
            objectUri);
        if (messageSink != null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The type of the message sink is {0}.", 
                messageSink.GetType().ToString());
        }

        // Display the channel's properties using Keys and Item.
        foreach(string key in clientChannel.Keys)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(
                "clientChannel[{0}] = <{1}>", 
                key, clientChannel[key]);
        }

        // Parse the channel's URI.
        string objectUrl = "http://localhost:9090/RemoteObject.rem";
        string channelUri = clientChannel.Parse(objectUrl, out objectUri);
        Console.WriteLine("The object URL is {0}.", objectUrl);
        Console.WriteLine("The object URI is {0}.", objectUri);
        Console.WriteLine("The channel URI is {0}.", channelUri);

        // Create an instance of the remote object.
        RemoteObject service = new RemoteObject(); 

        // Invoke a method on the remote object.
        Console.WriteLine("The client is invoking the remote object.");
        Console.WriteLine("The remote object has been called {0} times.", 
            service.GetCount());
    }
}

The following code example shows the remote object used by the server and the client.

using System;
using System.Runtime.Remoting;

// Remote object.
public class RemoteObject : MarshalByRefObject
{
    private int callCount = 0;

    public int GetCount()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("GetCount was called.");
        callCount++;
        return(callCount);
    }

}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1

Any public static ( Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

System.Runtime.Remoting.Channels.Http Namespace
Channel and Formatter Configuration Properties

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