Marshal.SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi Method (SecureString)

 

Copies the contents of a managed SecureString into unmanaged memory, converting into ANSI format as it copies.

Namespace:   System.Runtime.InteropServices
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

<SecurityCriticalAttribute>
Public Shared Function SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi (
	s As SecureString
) As IntPtr

Parameters

s
Type: System.Security.SecureString

The managed object to copy.

Return Value

Type: System.IntPtr

The address, in unmanaged memory, to where the s parameter was copied, or 0 if a null object was supplied.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

The s parameter is null.

NotSupportedException

The current computer is not running Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or later.

OutOfMemoryException

There is insufficient memory available.

The SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi method is useful for custom marshaling or when mixing managed and unmanaged code. Because this method allocates the unmanaged memory required for a string, always free the memory by calling the ZeroFreeGlobalAllocAnsi method.

Notes to Callers:

This method is supported only on computers running Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 or later.

The following example uses the SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi method to marshal and decrypt the contents of a SecureString object to a block of unmanaged memory. It then uses the ZeroFreeGlobalAllocAnsi method to zero out and dispose the unmanaged block.

Imports System
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.Security

Module Example
    Sub Main()
        Dim unmanagedRef As IntPtr

        ' Ask the user for a password.
        Console.Write("Please enter your password: ")
        Dim passWord As SecureString = GetPassword()

        Console.WriteLine("Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...")
        ' Copy the Secure string to unmanaged memory (and decrypt it).
        unmanagedRef = Marshal.SecureStringToGlobalAllocAnsi(passWord)
        passWord.Dispose()

        If unmanagedRef <> IntPtr.Zero Then
            Console.WriteLine("Zeroing out unmanaged memory...")
            Marshal.ZeroFreeGlobalAllocAnsi(unmanagedRef)
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("Done.")
    End Sub

    Function GetPassword() As SecureString
        Dim password As New SecureString()

        ' get the first character of the password
        Dim nextKey As ConsoleKeyInfo = Console.ReadKey(True)

        While nextKey.Key <> ConsoleKey.Enter
            If nextKey.Key = ConsoleKey.BackSpace Then
                If password.Length > 0 Then
                    password.RemoveAt(password.Length - 1)

                    ' Erase the last * as well.
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar)
                    Console.Write(" ")
                    Console.Write(nextKey.KeyChar)
                End If
            Else
                password.AppendChar(nextKey.KeyChar)
                Console.Write("*")
            End If

            nextKey = Console.ReadKey(True)
        End While
        Console.WriteLine()

        ' lock the password down
        password.MakeReadOnly()
        Return password
    End Function
End Module
' The example displays output like the following:
'       Please enter your password: ********
'       Copying and decrypting the string to unmanaged memory...
'       Zeroing out unmanaged memory...
'       Done.

SecurityCriticalAttribute

requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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