LayoutKind Enumeration

Controls the layout of an object when exported to unmanaged code.

Namespace: System.Runtime.InteropServices
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

<SerializableAttribute> _
<ComVisibleAttribute(True)> _
Public Enumeration LayoutKind
Dim instance As LayoutKind

/** @attribute SerializableAttribute() */ 
/** @attribute ComVisibleAttribute(true) */ 
public enum LayoutKind
public enum LayoutKind

 Member nameDescription
Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkAutoThe runtime automatically chooses an appropriate layout for the members of an object in unmanaged memory. Objects defined with this enumeration member cannot be exposed outside of managed code. Attempting to do so generates an exception. 
Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkExplicitThe precise position of each member of an object in unmanaged memory is explicitly controlled. Each member must use the FieldOffsetAttribute to indicate the position of that field within the type. 
Supported by the .NET Compact FrameworkSequentialThe members of the object are laid out sequentially, in the order in which they appear when exported to unmanaged memory. The members are laid out according to the packing specified in StructLayoutAttribute.Pack, and can be noncontiguous. 

This enumeration is used with StructLayoutAttribute. The common language runtime uses the Auto layout value by default. To reduce layout-related problems associated with the Auto value, C#, Visual Basic, and C++ compilers specify Sequential layout for value types.

The following example shows the managed declaration of the PtInRect function, which checks whether a point lies within a rectangle, and defines a Point structure with Sequential layout and a Rect structure with Explicit layout.

'  The program shows a managed declaration of the PtInRect function and defines Point
'  structure with sequential layout and Rect structure with explicit layout. The PtInRect
'  checks the point lies within the rectangle or not.
Imports System
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

   Enum Bool
      [False] = 0
   End Enum 
   <StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)>  _
   Public Structure Point
      Public x As Integer
      Public y As Integer
   End Structure 
   <StructLayout(LayoutKind.Explicit)>  _   
   Public Structure Rect
      <FieldOffset(0)> Public left As Integer
      <FieldOffset(4)> Public top As Integer
      <FieldOffset(8)> Public right As Integer
      <FieldOffset(12)> Public bottom As Integer
   End Structure 
   Class LibWrapper
      <DllImport("user32.dll", CallingConvention := CallingConvention.StdCall)>  _
      Public Shared Function PtInRect(ByRef r As Rect, p As Point) As Bool
      End Function	
   End Class 'LibWrapper
   Class TestApplication
      Public Shared Sub Main()
            Dim bPointInRect As Bool = 0
            Dim myRect As New Rect()
            myRect.left = 10
            myRect.right = 100
   = 10
            myRect.bottom = 100
            Dim myPoint As New Point()
            myPoint.x = 50
            myPoint.y = 50
            bPointInRect = LibWrapper.PtInRect(myRect, myPoint)
            If bPointInRect = Bool.True Then
               Console.WriteLine("Point lies within the Rect")
               Console.WriteLine("Point did not lies within the Rect")
            End If
         Catch e As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(("Exception : " + e.Message.ToString()))
         End Try
      End Sub 
   End Class 

enum Bool
    False (0),
    True (1);
} //Bool

/** @attribute StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)
public class Point
    public static int x;
    public static int y;
} //Point

/** @attribute StructLayout(LayoutKind.Explicit)
public class Rect
    /** @attribute FieldOffset(0) */ public int left;

    /** @attribute FieldOffset(4) */ public int top;

    /** @attribute FieldOffset(8) */ public int right;

    /** @attribute FieldOffset(12) */ public int bottom;
} //Rect

class LibWrapper
    /** @attribute DllImport("user32.dll", 
        CallingConvention = CallingConvention.StdCall)
    public static native Bool PtInRect(/** @ref */ Rect r, Point p);
} //LibWrapper

class TestApplication
    public static void main(String[] args)
        try {
            Bool bPointInRect = (Bool)0;
            Rect myRect = new Rect();
            myRect.left = 10;
            myRect.right = 100;
   = 10;
            myRect.bottom = 100;
            Point myPoint = new Point();
            myPoint.x = 50;
            myPoint.y = 50;
            bPointInRect = LibWrapper.PtInRect(/** @ ref */ myRect, myPoint);
            if (bPointInRect.Equals(Bool.True)) {
                Console.WriteLine("Point lies within the Rect");
            else {
                Console.WriteLine("Point does not lie within the Rect");
        catch (System.Exception e) {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception : " + e.get_Message());
    } //main
} //TestApplication

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 1.0

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