SetMarshal Method

FieldBuilder.SetMarshal Method (UnmanagedMarshal)

 
Note: This API is now obsolete.

Describes the native marshaling of the field.

Namespace:   System.Reflection.Emit
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[ObsoleteAttribute("An alternate API is available: Emit the MarshalAs custom attribute instead. http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=14202")]
public void SetMarshal(
	UnmanagedMarshal unmanagedMarshal
)

Parameters

unmanagedMarshal
Type: System.Reflection.Emit.UnmanagedMarshal

A descriptor specifying the native marshalling of this field.

Exception Condition
ArgumentNullException

unmanagedMarshal is null.

InvalidOperationException

The containing type has been created using CreateType.

The following code sample illustrates the use of SetMarshal.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

public class FieldBuilder_Sample
{
   public static Type CreateType(AppDomain currentDomain)
   {
      // Create an assembly.
      AssemblyName myAssemblyName = new AssemblyName();
      myAssemblyName.Name = "DynamicAssembly";
      AssemblyBuilder myAssembly =
         currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAssemblyName,AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave);
      // Create a dynamic module in Dynamic Assembly.
      ModuleBuilder myModuleBuilder=myAssembly.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule","MyModule.mod");
      // Define a public class named "MyClass" in the assembly.
      TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder= myModuleBuilder.DefineType("MyClass",TypeAttributes.Public);
      TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder2 = myModuleBuilder.DefineType("MyClass2",
         TypeAttributes.Public|TypeAttributes.BeforeFieldInit|TypeAttributes.SequentialLayout|TypeAttributes.AnsiClass|TypeAttributes.Sealed);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder1= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myBytes1",
                                    typeof(byte),FieldAttributes.Public);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder2= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myBytes2",
                                    typeof(byte),FieldAttributes.Public);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder3= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myErrorCode",
                                    typeof(short),FieldAttributes.Public);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder4= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myReserved1",
                                    typeof(short),FieldAttributes.Public);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder5= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myReserved2",
                                    typeof(short),FieldAttributes.Public);
      FieldBuilder myFieldBuilder6= myTypeBuilder2.DefineField("myPathName",
                                    typeof(char[]),FieldAttributes.Public);
      myFieldBuilder6.SetMarshal(UnmanagedMarshal.DefineByValArray(128)); 
      myFieldBuilder6.SetOffset(4);
      Type myType1 = myTypeBuilder2.CreateType();  
      // Create the PInvoke method for 'OpenFile' method of 'Kernel32.dll'.
      Type[] myParameters={ typeof(string), myType1 ,typeof(uint)}; 
      MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder= myTypeBuilder.DefinePInvokeMethod("OpenFile",
                                     "kernel32.dll",MethodAttributes.Public|MethodAttributes.Static|MethodAttributes.HideBySig,
                                       CallingConventions.Standard,typeof(IntPtr),
                                       myParameters,CallingConvention.Winapi,CharSet.None);
      Type myAttributeType = typeof(MethodImplAttribute);
      ConstructorInfo myConstructorInfo = 
         myAttributeType.GetConstructor(new Type[1]{typeof(MethodImplOptions)});
      CustomAttributeBuilder myAttributeBuilder = new CustomAttributeBuilder(myConstructorInfo,
                                                   new object[1]{MethodImplOptions.PreserveSig});
      myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myAttributeBuilder);
      ParameterBuilder myParameterBuilder2=myMethodBuilder.DefineParameter(2,
                                            ParameterAttributes.Out,"myClass2");
      Type myType=myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
      myAssembly.Save("EmittedAssembly.dll");
      return myType;
   }

   [PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Name="FullTrust")]
   public static void Main()
   {
      try
      {
         Type myType = CreateType(Thread.GetDomain());
         Type myClass2 = myType.Module.GetType("MyClass2"); 
         object myParam2 = Activator.CreateInstance(myClass2);
         uint myUint=0x00000800;
         object[] myArgs= {"MyFile.Txt",myParam2,myUint};
         Object myObject  = myType.InvokeMember("OpenFile",BindingFlags.Public | 
            BindingFlags.InvokeMethod | BindingFlags.Static,null,null,myArgs);
         Console.WriteLine("MyClass.OpenFile method returned: \"{0}\"", myObject);
      }
      catch(Exception e)
      {
         Console.WriteLine("Exception Caught "+e.Message);
      }
   }

}

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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