CallingConventions Enumeration

 

Defines the valid calling conventions for a method.

This enumeration has a FlagsAttribute attribute that allows a bitwise combination of its member values.

Namespace:   System.Reflection
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

[SerializableAttribute]
[FlagsAttribute]
[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]
public enum CallingConventions

Member nameDescription
Any

Specifies that either the Standard or the VarArgs calling convention may be used.

ExplicitThis

Specifies that the signature is a function-pointer signature, representing a call to an instance or virtual method (not a static method). If ExplicitThis is set, HasThis must also be set. The first argument passed to the called method is still a this pointer, but the type of the first argument is now unknown. Therefore, a token that describes the type (or class) of the this pointer is explicitly stored into its metadata signature.

HasThis

Specifies an instance or virtual method (not a static method). At run-time, the called method is passed a pointer to the target object as its first argument (the this pointer). The signature stored in metadata does not include the type of this first argument, because the method is known and its owner class can be discovered from metadata.

Standard

Specifies the default calling convention as determined by the common language runtime. Use this calling convention for static methods. For instance or virtual methods use HasThis.

VarArgs

Specifies the calling convention for methods with variable arguments.

The native calling convention is the set of rules governing the order and layout of arguments passed to compiled methods. It also governs how to pass the return value, what registers to use for arguments, and whether the called or the calling method removes arguments from the stack.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Security;

public class MyClass1
{
    public MyClass1(int i){}
    public static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            Type  myType = typeof(MyClass1);
            Type[] types = new Type[1];
            types[0] = typeof(int);
            // Get the public instance constructor that takes an integer parameter.
            ConstructorInfo constructorInfoObj = myType.GetConstructor(
                BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public, null,
                CallingConventions.HasThis, types, null);
            if(constructorInfoObj != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The constructor of MyClass1 that is a public " +
                    "instance method and takes an integer as a parameter is: ");
                Console.WriteLine(constructorInfoObj.ToString());
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The constructor of MyClass1 that is a public instance " +
                    "method and takes an integer as a parameter is not available.");
            }
        }
        catch(ArgumentNullException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("ArgumentNullException: " + e.Message);
        }
        catch(ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("ArgumentException: " + e.Message);
        }
        catch(SecurityException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("SecurityException: " + e.Message);
        }
        catch(Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception: " + e.Message);
        }
    }
}

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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