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Complex.Magnitude Property

Gets the magnitude (or absolute value) of a complex number.

Namespace:  System.Numerics
Assemblies:   System.Runtime.Numerics (in System.Runtime.Numerics.dll)
  System.Numerics (in System.Numerics.dll)

public double Magnitude { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Double
The magnitude of the current instance.

The Magnitude property is equivalent to the absolute value of a complex number. It specifies the distance from the origin (the intersection of the x-axis and the y-axis in the Cartesian coordinate system) to the two-dimensional point represented by a complex number. The absolute value is calculated as follows:

| a + bi | = Math.Sqrt(a * a + b * b)

If the calculation of the absolute value results in an overflow, this property returns either Double.PositiveInfinity or Double.NegativeInfinity.

The Magnitude and the Phase properties define the position of a point that represents a complex number in the polar coordinate system.

You can instantiate a complex number based on its polar coordinates instead of its Cartesian coordinates by calling the FromPolarCoordinates method.

The following example calculates the absolute value of a complex number and demonstrates that it is equivalent to the value of the Magnitude property.

using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Complex complex1 = new Complex(2.0, 3.0);
      Console.WriteLine("|{0}| = {1:N2}", complex1, Complex.Abs(complex1));
      Console.WriteLine("Equal to Magnitude: {0}", 
                        Complex.Abs(complex1).Equals(complex1.Magnitude)); 
   }
}
// The example displays the following output: 
//       |(2, 3)| = 3.60555127546399 
//       Equal to Magnitude: True

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library
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