BigInteger.DivRem Method (BigInteger, BigInteger, BigInteger)

 

Divides one BigInteger value by another, returns the result, and returns the remainder in an output parameter.

Namespace:   System.Numerics
Assembly:  System.Numerics (in System.Numerics.dll)

public static BigInteger DivRem(
	BigInteger dividend,
	BigInteger divisor,
	out BigInteger remainder
)

Parameters

dividend
Type: System.Numerics.BigInteger

The value to be divided.

divisor
Type: System.Numerics.BigInteger

The value to divide by.

remainder
Type: System.Numerics.BigInteger

When this method returns, contains a BigInteger value that represents the remainder from the division. This parameter is passed uninitialized.

Return Value

Type: System.Numerics.BigInteger

The quotient of the division.

Exception Condition
DivideByZeroException

divisor is 0 (zero).

This method preserves both the quotient and the remainder that results from integer division. If you are not interested in the remainder, use the Divide method or the division operator; if you are only interested in the remainder, use the Remainder method.

The sign of the returned remainder value is the same as the sign of the dividend parameter.

The behavior of the DivRem method is identical to that of the Math.DivRem method.

The following example creates an array of BigInteger values. It then uses each element as the quotient in a division operation that uses the Divide method, the division operator (/), and the DivRem method.

using System;
using System.Numerics;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      BigInteger divisor = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2);

      BigInteger[] dividends = { BigInteger.Multiply((BigInteger) Single.MaxValue, 2), 
                                 BigInteger.Parse("90612345123875509091827560007100099"), 
                                 BigInteger.One, 
                                 BigInteger.Multiply(Int32.MaxValue, Int64.MaxValue),
                                 divisor + BigInteger.One };

      // Divide each dividend by divisor in three different ways.
      foreach (BigInteger dividend in dividends)
      {
         BigInteger quotient;
         BigInteger remainder = 0;

         Console.WriteLine("Dividend: {0:N0}", dividend);
         Console.WriteLine("Divisor:  {0:N0}", divisor);
         Console.WriteLine("Results:");
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Divide method:     {0:N0}", 
                           BigInteger.Divide(dividend, divisor));
         Console.WriteLine("   Using Division operator: {0:N0}", 
                           dividend / divisor);
         quotient = BigInteger.DivRem(dividend, divisor, out remainder);
         Console.WriteLine("   Using DivRem method:     {0:N0}, remainder {1:N0}", 
                           quotient, remainder);

         Console.WriteLine();
      }            
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Dividend: 680,564,693,277,057,719,623,408,366,969,033,850,880
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     7
//       Using Division operator: 7
//       Using DivRem method:     7, remainder 85,070,551,165,415,408,691,630,012,479,406,342,137
//    
//    Dividend: 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 90,612,345,123,875,509,091,827,560,007,100,099
//    
//    Dividend: 1
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 1
//    
//    Dividend: 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     0
//       Using Division operator: 0
//       Using DivRem method:     0, remainder 19,807,040,619,342,712,359,383,728,129
//    
//    Dividend: 85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,250
//    Divisor:  85,070,591,730,234,615,847,396,907,784,232,501,249
//    Results:
//       Using Divide method:     1
//       Using Division operator: 1
//       Using DivRem method:     1, remainder 1

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 4.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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