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PrefixOrigin Enumeration

PrefixOrigin Enumeration

Specifies how an IP address network prefix was located.

Namespace:  System.Net.NetworkInformation
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public enum PrefixOrigin

Member nameDescription
DhcpThe prefix was supplied by a Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server.
ManualThe prefix was manually configured.
OtherThe prefix was located using an unspecified source.
RouterAdvertisementThe prefix was supplied by a router advertisement.
WellKnownThe prefix is a well-known prefix. Well-known prefixes are specified in standard-track Request for Comments (RFC) documents and assigned by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (Iana) or an address registry. Such prefixes are reserved for special purposes.

IP addresses are divided into two parts: the prefix and the suffix. The address prefix identifies the network portion of an IP address, and the address suffix identifies the host portion. Prefixes are assigned by global authorities, and suffixes are assigned by local system administrators.

This enumeration is used by the UnicastIPAddressInformation and MulticastIPAddressInformation classes. Instances of this class are returned when you retrieve the address information for a NetworkInterface object.

The following code example displays prefix and suffix information for unicast addresses.

public static void DisplayUnicastAddresses()
{
    Console.WriteLine("Unicast Addresses");
    NetworkInterface[] adapters  = NetworkInterface.GetAllNetworkInterfaces();
    foreach (NetworkInterface adapter in adapters)
    {
        IPInterfaceProperties adapterProperties = adapter.GetIPProperties();
        UnicastIPAddressInformationCollection uniCast = adapterProperties.UnicastAddresses;
        if (uniCast.Count >0)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(adapter.Description);
            string lifeTimeFormat = "dddd, MMMM dd, yyyy  hh:mm:ss tt";
            foreach (UnicastIPAddressInformation uni in uniCast)
            {
                DateTime when;

                Console.WriteLine("  Unicast Address ......................... : {0}", uni.Address);
                Console.WriteLine("     Prefix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.PrefixOrigin);
                Console.WriteLine("     Suffix Origin ........................ : {0}", uni.SuffixOrigin);
                Console.WriteLine("     Duplicate Address Detection .......... : {0}", 
                    uni.DuplicateAddressDetectionState);

                // Format the lifetimes as Sunday, February 16, 2003 11:33:44 PM 
                // if en-us is the current culture. 

                // Calculate the date and time at the end of the lifetimes.    
                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressValidLifetime);
                when = when.ToLocalTime();    
                Console.WriteLine("     Valid Life Time ...................... : {0}", 
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                );
                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.AddressPreferredLifetime);   
                when = when.ToLocalTime();
                Console.WriteLine("     Preferred life time .................. : {0}", 
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                ); 

                when = DateTime.UtcNow + TimeSpan.FromSeconds(uni.DhcpLeaseLifetime);
                when = when.ToLocalTime(); 
                Console.WriteLine("     DHCP Leased Life Time ................ : {0}", 
                    when.ToString(lifeTimeFormat,System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture)
                );
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1
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