SmtpException Class

SmtpException Class

 

Represents the exception that is thrown when the SmtpClient is not able to complete a Send or SendAsync operation.

Namespace:   System.Net.Mail
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

System::Object
  System::Exception
    System.Net.Mail::SmtpException
      System.Net.Mail::SmtpFailedRecipientException

[SerializableAttribute]
public ref class SmtpException : Exception, ISerializable

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodSmtpException()

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class.

System_CAPS_protmethodSmtpException(SerializationInfo^, StreamingContext)

This API supports the product infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code. Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class from the specified instances of the SerializationInfo and StreamingContext classes.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSmtpException(SmtpStatusCode)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified status code.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSmtpException(SmtpStatusCode, String^)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified status code and error message.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSmtpException(String^)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified error message.

System_CAPS_pubmethodSmtpException(String^, Exception^)

Initializes a new instance of the SmtpException class with the specified error message and inner exception.

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubpropertyData

Gets a collection of key/value pairs that provide additional user-defined information about the exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyHelpLink

Gets or sets a link to the help file associated with this exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyHResult

Gets or sets HRESULT, a coded numerical value that is assigned to a specific exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyInnerException

Gets the Exception instance that caused the current exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyMessage

Gets a message that describes the current exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertySource

Gets or sets the name of the application or the object that causes the error.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyStackTrace

Gets a string representation of the immediate frames on the call stack.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubpropertyStatusCode

Gets the status code returned by an SMTP server when an e-mail message is transmitted.

System_CAPS_pubpropertyTargetSite

Gets the method that throws the current exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubmethodEquals(Object^)

Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_protmethodFinalize()

Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetBaseException()

When overridden in a derived class, returns the Exception that is the root cause of one or more subsequent exceptions.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetHashCode()

Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetObjectData(SerializationInfo^, StreamingContext)

Populates a SerializationInfo instance with the data needed to serialize the SmtpException.(Overrides Exception::GetObjectData(SerializationInfo^, StreamingContext).)

System_CAPS_pubmethodGetType()

Gets the runtime type of the current instance.(Inherited from Exception.)

System_CAPS_protmethodMemberwiseClone()

Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)

System_CAPS_pubmethodToString()

Creates and returns a string representation of the current exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_proteventSerializeObjectState

Occurs when an exception is serialized to create an exception state object that contains serialized data about the exception.(Inherited from Exception.)

NameDescription
System_CAPS_pubinterfaceSystem_CAPS_privmethodISerializable::GetObjectData(SerializationInfo^, StreamingContext)

Populates a SerializationInfo instance with the data needed to serialize the SmtpException.

The StatusCode property contains the status code returned by the SMTP server.

The following code example displays an error message when the SmtpException exception is thrown.

static void RetryIfBusy( String^ server )
{
   MailAddress^ from = gcnew MailAddress( L"ben@contoso.com" );
   MailAddress^ to = gcnew MailAddress( L"jane@contoso.com" );
   MailMessage^ message = gcnew MailMessage( from,to );

   // message.Subject = "Using the SmtpClient class.";
   message->Subject = L"Using the SmtpClient class.";
   message->Body = L"Using this feature, you can send an e-mail message from an application very easily.";

   // Add a carbon copy recipient.
   MailAddress^ copy = gcnew MailAddress( L"Notifications@contoso.com" );
   message->CC->Add( copy );
   SmtpClient^ client = gcnew SmtpClient( server );

   // Include credentials if the server requires them.
   client->Credentials = dynamic_cast<ICredentialsByHost^>(CredentialCache::DefaultNetworkCredentials);
   Console::WriteLine( L"Sending an e-mail message to {0} using the SMTP host {1}.", to->Address, client->Host );
   try
   {
      client->Send( message );
   }
   catch ( SmtpFailedRecipientsException^ ex ) 
   {
      for ( int i = 0; i < ex->InnerExceptions->Length; i++ )
      {
         SmtpStatusCode status = ex->InnerExceptions[ i ]->StatusCode;
         if ( status == SmtpStatusCode::MailboxBusy || status == SmtpStatusCode::MailboxUnavailable )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Delivery failed - retrying in 5 seconds." );
            System::Threading::Thread::Sleep( 5000 );
            client->Send( message );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( L"Failed to deliver message to {0}", ex->InnerExceptions[ i ] );
         }

      }
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex )
   {
       Console::WriteLine(L"Exception caught in RetryIfBusy(): {0}", 
                     ex->ToString() );
   }
   finally
   {
      client->~SmtpClient();
   }
}


.NET Framework
Available since 2.0

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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