HttpWebRequest.KeepAlive Property


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Gets or sets a value that indicates whether to make a persistent connection to the Internet resource.

Namespace:   System.Net
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

Public Property KeepAlive As Boolean

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if the request to the Internet resource should contain a Connection HTTP header with the value Keep-alive; otherwise, false. The default is true.

Set this property to true to send a Connection HTTP header with the value Keep-alive. An application uses KeepAlive to indicate a preference for persistent connections. When the KeepAlive property is true, the application makes persistent connections to the servers that support them.


When using HTTP/1.1, Keep-Alive is on by default. Setting KeepAlive to false may result in sending a Connection: Close header to the server.

The following code example sets the KeepAlive property to false to avoid establishing a persistent connection with the Internet resource.

Class HttpWebRequest_Connection

  Shared Sub Main()

      ' Create a new 'HttpWebRequest' object for the specified Uri. Make sure that 
      ' a default proxy is set if you are behind a firewall.
      Dim myHttpWebRequest1 As HttpWebRequest = CType(WebRequest.Create(""), HttpWebRequest)
      myHttpWebRequest1.KeepAlive = False
      ' Assign the response object of 'HttpWebRequest' to a 'HttpWebResponse' variable.
      Dim myHttpWebResponse1 As HttpWebResponse = CType(myHttpWebRequest1.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse)

      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The HTTP request Headers for the first request are {0}", myHttpWebRequest1.Headers)
      Console.WriteLine("Press Enter Key to Continue..........")
      Dim streamResponse As Stream = myHttpWebResponse1.GetResponseStream()
      Dim streamRead As New StreamReader(streamResponse)
      Dim readBuff(256) As [Char]
      Dim count As Integer = streamRead.Read(readBuff, 0, 256)
      Console.WriteLine("The contents of the Html page are......." + ControlChars.Cr)
      While count > 0
        Dim outputData As New [String](readBuff, 0, count)
        count = streamRead.Read(readBuff, 0, 256)
      End While
      ' Close the Stream object.
     ' Release the resources held by response object.
     ' Create a new 'HttpWebRequest' object  to the specified Uri.   
      Dim myHttpWebRequest2 As HttpWebRequest = CType(WebRequest.Create(""), HttpWebRequest)
      myHttpWebRequest2.Connection = "Close"
      ' Assign the response object of 'HttpWebRequest' to a 'HttpWebResponse' variable.
      Dim myHttpWebResponse2 As HttpWebResponse = CType(myHttpWebRequest2.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse)
    ' Release the resources held by response object.
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The Http RequestHeaders are " + ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", myHttpWebRequest2.Headers)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Press 'Enter' Key to Continue.........")
    Catch e As ArgumentException
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The second HttpWebRequest object has raised an Argument Exception as 'Connection' Property is set to 'Close'")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Message)
    Catch e As WebException
      Console.WriteLine("WebException raised!")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Message)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Status)
    Catch e As Exception
      Console.WriteLine("Exception raised!")
      Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} ", e.Source)
      Console.WriteLine("Message : {0}", e.Message)
    End Try
  End Sub ' Main
End Class ' HttpWebRequest_Connection

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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