This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

HttpWebRequest.Connection Property

Gets or sets the value of the Connection HTTP header.

Namespace:  System.Net
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

Public Property Connection As String

Property Value

Type: System.String
The value of the Connection HTTP header. The default value is Nothing.


The value of Connection is set to Keep-alive or Close.

The request sends the Connection property to the Internet resource as the Connection HTTP header. If the value of the KeepAlive property is true, the value "Keep-alive" is appended to the end of the Connection header.

To clear the Connection HTTP header, set the Connection property to Nothing.

Changing the Connection property after the request has been started by calling the GetRequestStream, BeginGetRequestStream, GetResponse, or BeginGetResponse method throws an InvalidOperationException.


The value for this property is stored in WebHeaderCollection. If WebHeaderCollection is set, the property value is lost.

The following code example uses the Connection property to set the value of the Connection HTTP Header.

Class HttpWebRequest_Connection

  Shared Sub Main()

      ' Create a new 'HttpWebRequest' object for the specified Uri. Make sure that 
      ' a default proxy is set if you are behind a firewall.
      Dim myHttpWebRequest1 As HttpWebRequest = CType(WebRequest.Create(""), HttpWebRequest)
      myHttpWebRequest1.KeepAlive = False
      ' Assign the response object of 'HttpWebRequest' to a 'HttpWebResponse' variable.
      Dim myHttpWebResponse1 As HttpWebResponse = CType(myHttpWebRequest1.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse)

      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The HTTP request Headers for the first request are {0}", myHttpWebRequest1.Headers)
      Console.WriteLine("Press Enter Key to Continue..........")
      Dim streamResponse As Stream = myHttpWebResponse1.GetResponseStream()
      Dim streamRead As New StreamReader(streamResponse)
      Dim readBuff(256) As [Char]
      Dim count As Integer = streamRead.Read(readBuff, 0, 256)
      Console.WriteLine("The contents of the Html page are......." + ControlChars.Cr)
      While count > 0
        Dim outputData As New [String](readBuff, 0, count)
        count = streamRead.Read(readBuff, 0, 256)
      End While
      ' Close the Stream object.
     ' Release the resources held by response object.
     ' Create a new 'HttpWebRequest' object  to the specified Uri.   
      Dim myHttpWebRequest2 As HttpWebRequest = CType(WebRequest.Create(""), HttpWebRequest)
      myHttpWebRequest2.Connection = "Close"
      ' Assign the response object of 'HttpWebRequest' to a 'HttpWebResponse' variable.
      Dim myHttpWebResponse2 As HttpWebResponse = CType(myHttpWebRequest2.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse)
    ' Release the resources held by response object.
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The Http RequestHeaders are " + ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", myHttpWebRequest2.Headers)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "Press 'Enter' Key to Continue.........")
    Catch e As ArgumentException
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "The second HttpWebRequest object has raised an Argument Exception as 'Connection' Property is set to 'Close'")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Message)
    Catch e As WebException
      Console.WriteLine("WebException raised!")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Message)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Cr + "{0}", e.Status)
    Catch e As Exception
      Console.WriteLine("Exception raised!")
      Console.WriteLine("Source :{0} ", e.Source)
      Console.WriteLine("Message : {0}", e.Message)
    End Try
  End Sub ' Main
End Class ' HttpWebRequest_Connection

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.