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FtpWebRequest.UsePassive Property

Gets or sets the behavior of a client application's data transfer process.

Namespace:  System.Net
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

Public Property UsePassive As Boolean

Property Value

Type: System.Boolean
false if the client application's data transfer process listens for a connection on the data port; otherwise, true if the client should initiate a connection on the data port. The default value is true.


A new value was specified for this property for a request that is already in progress.

Setting the UsePassive property to true sends the "PASV" command to the server. This command requests the server to listen on a data port and to wait for a connection rather than initiate one upon receipt of a transfer command.

For a description of the behaviors that are specified using UsePassive, see RFC 959, "File Transfer Protocol," Section 3.2, "Establishing Data Connections" and Section 4.1.2, "Transfer Parameter Commands," available at .

Changing UsePassive after calling the GetRequestStream, BeginGetRequestStream, GetResponse, or BeginGetResponse method causes an InvalidOperationException exception.

If UsePassive is set to true, the FTP server may not send the size of the file, and download progress can always be zero. If UsePassive is set to false, a firewall can raise an alert and block the file download.

The following code example retrieves and displays property values for a specified FtpWebRequest object.

' DisplayRequestProperties prints a request's properties.
' This method should be called after the request is sent to the server.

Private Shared Sub DisplayRequestProperties(ByVal request As FtpWebRequest)
    Console.WriteLine("User {0} {1}", request.Credentials.GetCredential(request.RequestUri, "basic").UserName, request.RequestUri)
    Console.WriteLine("Request: {0} {1}", request.Method, request.RequestUri)
    Console.WriteLine("Passive: {0}  Keep alive: {1}  Binary: {2} Timeout: {3}.", request.UsePassive, request.KeepAlive, request.UseBinary, If(request.Timeout = -1, "none", request.Timeout.ToString()))
    Dim proxy As IWebProxy = request.Proxy
    If proxy IsNot Nothing Then
        Console.WriteLine("Proxy: {0}", proxy.GetProxy(request.RequestUri))
        Console.WriteLine("Proxy: (none)")
    End If

    Console.WriteLine("ConnectionGroup: {0}", If(request.ConnectionGroupName Is Nothing, "none", request.ConnectionGroupName))

    Console.WriteLine("Encrypted connection: {0}", request.EnableSsl)

    Console.WriteLine("Method: {0}", request.Method)
End Sub

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.