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# Math.Sqrt Method

.NET Framework 2.0

Returns the square root of a specified number.

Namespace: System
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

## Syntax

```'Declaration
Public Shared Function Sqrt ( _
d As Double _
) As Double
'Usage
Dim d As Double
Dim returnValue As Double

returnValue = Math.Sqrt(d)
```
```public static double Sqrt (
double d
)
```
```public static function Sqrt (
d : double
) : double
```

d

A number.

#### Return Value

Value of d

Returns

Zero, or positive

The positive square root of d.

Negative

If d is equal to NaN or PositiveInfinity, that value is returned.

## Example

The following code sample uses Sqrt to assist in the computation of the inner angles of a given trapezoid.

```'The following class represents simple functionallity of the Trapezoid
Class MathTrapezoidSample

Private m_longBase As Double
Private m_shortBase As Double
Private m_leftLeg As Double
Private m_rightLeg As Double

Public Sub New(ByVal longbase As Double, ByVal shortbase As Double, ByVal leftLeg As Double, ByVal rightLeg As Double)
m_longBase = Math.Abs(longbase)
m_shortBase = Math.Abs(shortbase)
m_leftLeg = Math.Abs(leftLeg)
m_rightLeg = Math.Abs(rightLeg)
End Sub

Private Function GetRightSmallBase() As Double
GetRightSmallBase = (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) - Math.Pow(m_leftLeg, 2) + Math.Pow(m_longBase, 2) + Math.Pow(m_shortBase, 2) - 2 * m_shortBase * m_longBase) / (2 * (m_longBase - m_shortBase))
End Function

Public Function GetHeight() As Double
Dim x As Double = GetRightSmallBase()
GetHeight = Math.Sqrt(Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) - Math.Pow(x, 2))
End Function

Public Function GetSquare() As Double
GetSquare = GetHeight() * m_longBase / 2
End Function

Dim sinX As Double = GetHeight() / m_leftLeg
End Function

Dim x As Double = GetRightSmallBase()
Dim cosX As Double = (Math.Pow(m_rightLeg, 2) + Math.Pow(x, 2) - Math.Pow(GetHeight(), 2)) / (2 * x * m_rightLeg)
End Function

Public Function GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle() As Double
Dim x As Double = GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math.PI
GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle = Math.Round(x, 2)
End Function

Public Function GetRightBaseDegreeAngle() As Double
Dim x As Double = GetRightBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / Math.PI
GetRightBaseDegreeAngle = Math.Round(x, 2)
End Function

Public Shared Sub Main()
Dim trpz As MathTrapezoidSample = New MathTrapezoidSample(20, 10, 8, 6)
Console.WriteLine("The trpezoid's bases are 20.0 and 10.0, the trapezoid's legs are 8.0 and 6.0")
Dim h As Double = trpz.GetHeight()
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid height is: " + h.ToString())
Dim dxR As Double = trpz.GetLeftBaseRadianAngle()
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxR.ToString() + " Radians")
Dim dyR As Double = trpz.GetRightBaseRadianAngle()
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid right base angle is: " + dyR.ToString() + " Radians")
Dim dxD As Double = trpz.GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle()
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dxD.ToString() + " Degrees")
Dim dyD As Double = trpz.GetRightBaseDegreeAngle()
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: " + dyD.ToString() + " Degrees")
End Sub

End Class

```
```/// <summary>
/// The following class represents simple functionallity of the Trapezoid
/// </summary>
class MathTrapezoidSample
{
private double mLongBase;
private double mShortBase;
private double mLeftLeg;
private double mRightLeg;
public MathTrapezoidSample(double longBase, double shortBase,
double leftLeg, double rightLeg)
{
mLongBase = System.Math.Abs(longBase);
mShortBase = System.Math.Abs(shortBase);
mLeftLeg = System.Math.Abs(leftLeg);
mRightLeg = System.Math.Abs(rightLeg);
} //MathTrapezoidSample

private double GetRightSmallBase()
{
return (System.Math.Pow(mRightLeg, 2.0)
- System.Math.Pow(mLeftLeg, 2.0)
+ System.Math.Pow(mLongBase, 2.0)
+ System.Math.Pow(mShortBase, 2.0)
- 2 * mShortBase * mLongBase) / (2 * (mLongBase - mShortBase));
} //GetRightSmallBase

public double GetHeight()
{
double x = GetRightSmallBase();
return System.Math.Sqrt(System.Math.Pow(mRightLeg, 2.0)
- System.Math.Pow(x, 2.0));
} //GetHeight

public double GetSquare()
{
return GetHeight() * mLongBase / 2.0;
} //GetSquare

{
double sinX = GetHeight() / mLeftLeg;
return System.Math.Round(System.Math.Asin(sinX), 2);

{
double x = GetRightSmallBase();
double cosX = (System.Math.Pow(mRightLeg, 2.0)
+ System.Math.Pow(x, 2.0)
- System.Math.Pow(GetHeight(), 2.0)) / (2 * x * mRightLeg);
return System.Math.Round(System.Math.Acos(cosX), 2);

public double GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle()
{
double x = GetLeftBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / System.Math.PI;
return System.Math.Round(x, 2);
} //GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle

public double GetRightBaseDegreeAngle()
{
double x = GetRightBaseRadianAngle() * 180 / System.Math.PI;
return System.Math.Round(x, 2);
} //GetRightBaseDegreeAngle

public static void main(String[] args)
{
MathTrapezoidSample trpz =
new MathTrapezoidSample(20.0, 10.0, 8.0, 6.0);
Console.WriteLine("The trpezoid's bases are 20.0 and 10.0,"
+ " the trapezoid's legs are 8.0 and 6.0");
double h = trpz.GetHeight();
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid height is: "
+ System.Convert.ToString(h));
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: "
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid right base angle is: "
double dxD = trpz.GetLeftBaseDegreeAngle();
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: "
+ System.Convert.ToString(dxD) + " Degrees");
double dyD = trpz.GetRightBaseDegreeAngle();
Console.WriteLine("Trapezoid left base angle is: "
+ System.Convert.ToString(dyD) + " Degrees");
} //main
} //MathTrapezoidSample

```

## Platforms

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

## Version Information

#### .NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

#### .NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0