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Math.Sinh Method

Returns the hyperbolic sine of the specified angle.

[Visual Basic]
Public Shared Function Sinh( _
   ByVal value As Double _
) As Double
[C#]
public static double Sinh(
 double value
);
[C++]
public: static double Sinh(
 double value
);
[JScript]
public static function Sinh(
   value : double
) : double;

Parameters

value
An angle, measured in radians.

Return Value

The hyperbolic sine of value. If value is equal to NegativeInfinity, PositiveInfinity, or NaN, this method returns a Double equal to value.

Remarks

The angle, value, must be in radians. Multiply by π/180 to convert degrees to radians.

Example

[Visual Basic, C#, C++] The following example uses Sinh to evaluate certain hyperbolic identities for selected values.

[Visual Basic] 
' Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double ) methods.
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Module SinhCosh
   
    Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of hyperbolic " & _
            "Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double )" & vbCrLf & _
            "generates the following output." & vbCrLf)
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Evaluate these hyperbolic identities " & _
            "with selected values for X:")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1" & vbCrLf & _
            "   sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)")
        Console.WriteLine("   cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)")
          
        UseSinhCosh(0.1)
        UseSinhCosh(1.2)
        UseSinhCosh(4.9)
          
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "Evaluate these hyperbolic " & _
            "identities with selected values for X and Y:")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)")
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "   cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)")

        UseTwoArgs(0.1, 1.2)
        UseTwoArgs(1.2, 4.9)
    End Sub 'Main
      
    ' Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
    Sub UseSinhCosh(arg As Double)
        Dim sinhArg As Double = Math.Sinh(arg)
        Dim coshArg As Double = Math.Cosh(arg)
          
        ' Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1.
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}" + _
            vbCrLf & "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {2:E16}", _
            arg, Math.Sinh(arg), Math.Cosh(arg))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 = {1:E16}", _
            arg, coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg)
          
        ' Evaluate sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            2.0 * arg, Math.Sinh((2.0 * arg)))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "    2 * Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            arg, 2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg)
          
        ' Evaluate cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            2.0 * arg, Math.Cosh((2.0 * arg)))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 = {1:E16}", _
            arg, coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg)

    End Sub 'UseSinhCosh
       
    ' Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    Sub UseTwoArgs(argX As Double, argY As Double)

        ' Evaluate sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +" + _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) = {2:E16}", _
            argX, argY, Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) + _
            Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            argX + argY, Math.Sinh((argX + argY)))
          
        ' Evaluate cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +" + _
            vbCrLf & "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) = {2:E16}", _
            argX, argY, Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) + _
            Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY))
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) = {1:E16}", _
            argX + argY, Math.Cosh((argX + argY)))

    End Sub 'UseTwoArgs
End Module 'SinhCosh

' This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( Double ) and Math.Cosh( Double )
' generates the following output.
' 
' Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
'    cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) = 1
'    sinh(2 * X) = 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
'    cosh(2 * X) = cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(0.1) = 1.0016675001984403E-001
'                          Math.Cosh(0.1) = 1.0050041680558035E+000
' (Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 = 9.9999999999999989E-001
'                          Math.Sinh(0.2) = 2.0133600254109399E-001
'     2 * Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(0.1) = 2.0133600254109396E-001
'                          Math.Cosh(0.2) = 1.0200667556190759E+000
' (Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 = 1.0200667556190757E+000
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.5094613554121725E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(1.2) = 1.8106555673243747E+000
' (Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 = 1.0000000000000000E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(2.4) = 5.4662292136760939E+000
'     2 * Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(1.2) = 5.4662292136760939E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(2.4) = 5.5569471669655064E+000
' (Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 = 5.5569471669655064E+000
' 
'                          Math.Sinh(4.9) = 6.7141166550932297E+001
'                          Math.Cosh(4.9) = 6.7148613134003227E+001
' (Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 = 1.0000000000000000E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(9.8) = 9.0168724361884615E+003
'     2 * Math.Sinh(4.9) * Math.Cosh(4.9) = 9.0168724361884615E+003
'                          Math.Cosh(9.8) = 9.0168724916400624E+003
' (Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 = 9.0168724916400606E+003
' 
' Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
'    sinh(X + Y) = sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
'    cosh(X + Y) = cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)
' 
'         Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
'         Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.6983824372926155E+000
'                          Math.Sinh(1.3) = 1.6983824372926160E+000
'         Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
'         Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) = 1.9709142303266281E+000
'                          Math.Cosh(1.3) = 1.9709142303266285E+000
' 
'         Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
'         Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) = 2.2292776360739879E+002
'                          Math.Sinh(6.1) = 2.2292776360739885E+002
'         Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
'         Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) = 2.2293000647511826E+002
'                          Math.Cosh(6.1) = 2.2293000647511832E+002

[C#] 
// Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) 
// and Math.Cosh( double ) methods.
using System;

class SinhCosh 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) " +
            "and Math.Cosh( double )\n" +
            "generates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "Evaluate these hyperbolic identities " +
            "with selected values for X:" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1\n" +
            "   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)" );
        Console.WriteLine( "   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)" );

        UseSinhCosh(0.1);
        UseSinhCosh(1.2);
        UseSinhCosh(4.9);

        Console.WriteLine( 
            "\nEvaluate these hyperbolic identities " +
            "with selected values for X and Y:" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)" );

        UseTwoArgs(0.1, 1.2);
        UseTwoArgs(1.2, 4.9);
    }

    // Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
    static void UseSinhCosh(double arg)
    {
        double sinhArg = Math.Sinh(arg);
        double coshArg = Math.Cosh(arg);

        // Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1.
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "\n                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}\n" +
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {2:E16}",
            arg, Math.Sinh(arg), Math.Cosh(arg) );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", 
            arg, coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg );

        // Evaluate sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
            2.0 * arg, Math.Sinh(2.0 * arg) );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "    2 * Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
            arg, 2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg );

        // Evaluate cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
            2.0 * arg, Math.Cosh(2.0 * arg) );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "(Math.Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math.Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", 
            arg, coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg );
    }

    // Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    static void UseTwoArgs(double argX, double argY)
    {
        // Evaluate sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "\n        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +\n" + 
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", 
            argX, argY, Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) +
            Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY));
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "                         Math.Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            argX + argY, Math.Sinh(argX + argY));

        // Evaluate cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "        Math.Cosh({0}) * Math.Cosh({1}) +\n" + 
            "        Math.Sinh({0}) * Math.Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", 
            argX, argY, Math.Cosh(argX) * Math.Cosh(argY) +
            Math.Sinh(argX) * Math.Sinh(argY));
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "                         Math.Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}",
            argX + argY, Math.Cosh(argX + argY));
    }
}

/*
This example of hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) and Math.Cosh( double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1
   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)

                         Math.Sinh(0.1) == 1.0016675001984403E-001
                         Math.Cosh(0.1) == 1.0050041680558035E+000
(Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 == 9.9999999999999989E-001
                         Math.Sinh(0.2) == 2.0133600254109399E-001
    2 * Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(0.1) == 2.0133600254109396E-001
                         Math.Cosh(0.2) == 1.0200667556190759E+000
(Math.Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math.Sinh(0.1))^2 == 1.0200667556190757E+000

                         Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.5094613554121725E+000
                         Math.Cosh(1.2) == 1.8106555673243747E+000
(Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                         Math.Sinh(2.4) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
    2 * Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(1.2) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
                         Math.Cosh(2.4) == 5.5569471669655064E+000
(Math.Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math.Sinh(1.2))^2 == 5.5569471669655064E+000

                         Math.Sinh(4.9) == 6.7141166550932297E+001
                         Math.Cosh(4.9) == 6.7148613134003227E+001
(Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                         Math.Sinh(9.8) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
    2 * Math.Sinh(4.9) * Math.Cosh(4.9) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
                         Math.Cosh(9.8) == 9.0168724916400624E+003
(Math.Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math.Sinh(4.9))^2 == 9.0168724916400606E+003

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)

        Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
        Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.6983824372926155E+000
                         Math.Sinh(1.3) == 1.6983824372926160E+000
        Math.Cosh(0.1) * Math.Cosh(1.2) +
        Math.Sinh(0.1) * Math.Sinh(1.2) == 1.9709142303266281E+000
                         Math.Cosh(1.3) == 1.9709142303266285E+000

        Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
        Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) == 2.2292776360739879E+002
                         Math.Sinh(6.1) == 2.2292776360739885E+002
        Math.Cosh(1.2) * Math.Cosh(4.9) +
        Math.Sinh(1.2) * Math.Sinh(4.9) == 2.2293000647511826E+002
                         Math.Cosh(6.1) == 2.2293000647511832E+002
*/

[C++] 
// Example for the hyperbolic Math.Sinh( double ) 
// and Math.Cosh( double ) methods.
#using <mscorlib.dll>
using namespace System;

// Evaluate hyperbolic identities with a given argument.
void UseSinhCosh(double arg)
{
    double sinhArg = Math::Sinh(arg);
    double coshArg = Math::Cosh(arg);

    // Evaluate cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1.
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"\n                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}\n"
        S"                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {2:E16}",
        __box(arg), __box(Math::Sinh(arg)), __box(Math::Cosh(arg)) );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"(Math::Cosh({0}))^2 - (Math::Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", 
        __box(arg), __box(coshArg * coshArg - sinhArg * sinhArg) );

    // Evaluate sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X).
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
        __box(2.0 * arg), __box(Math::Sinh(2.0 * arg)) );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"    2 * Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
        __box(arg), __box(2.0 * sinhArg * coshArg) );

    // Evaluate cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X).
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}", 
        __box(2.0 * arg), __box(Math::Cosh(2.0 * arg)) );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"(Math::Cosh({0}))^2 + (Math::Sinh({0}))^2 == {1:E16}", 
        __box(arg), __box(coshArg * coshArg + sinhArg * sinhArg) );
}

// Evaluate hyperbolic identities that are functions of two arguments.
void UseTwoArgs(double argX, double argY)
{
    // Evaluate sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y).
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"\n        Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Cosh({1}) +\n" 
        S"        Math::Cosh({0}) * Math::Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", 
        __box(argX), __box(argY), 
        __box(Math::Sinh(argX) * Math::Cosh(argY) +
        Math::Cosh(argX) * Math::Sinh(argY)) );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"                          Math::Sinh({0}) == {1:E16}",
        __box(argX + argY), 
        __box(Math::Sinh(argX + argY)) );

    // Evaluate cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y).
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"        Math::Cosh({0}) * Math::Cosh({1}) +\n" 
        S"        Math::Sinh({0}) * Math::Sinh({1}) == {2:E16}", 
        __box(argX), __box(argY), 
        __box(Math::Cosh(argX) * Math::Cosh(argY) +
        Math::Sinh(argX) * Math::Sinh(argY)) );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"                          Math::Cosh({0}) == {1:E16}",
        __box(argX + argY), 
        __box(Math::Cosh(argX + argY)) );
}

void main() 
{
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"This example of hyperbolic "
        S"Math::Sinh( double ) and Math::Cosh( double )\n"
        S"generates the following output.\n" );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"Evaluate these hyperbolic identities "
        S"with selected values for X:" );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1\n"
        S"   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)" );
    Console::WriteLine( S"   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)" );

    UseSinhCosh(0.1);
    UseSinhCosh(1.2);
    UseSinhCosh(4.9);

    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"\nEvaluate these hyperbolic identities "
        S"with selected values for X and Y:" );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)" );
    Console::WriteLine( 
        S"   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)" );

    UseTwoArgs(0.1, 1.2);
    UseTwoArgs(1.2, 4.9);
}

/*
This example of hyperbolic Math::Sinh( double ) and Math::Cosh( double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X:
   cosh^2(X) - sinh^2(X) == 1
   sinh(2 * X) == 2 * sinh(X) * cosh(X)
   cosh(2 * X) == cosh^2(X) + sinh^2(X)

                          Math::Sinh(0.1) == 1.0016675001984403E-001
                          Math::Cosh(0.1) == 1.0050041680558035E+000
(Math::Cosh(0.1))^2 - (Math::Sinh(0.1))^2 == 9.9999999999999989E-001
                          Math::Sinh(0.2) == 2.0133600254109399E-001
    2 * Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(0.1) == 2.0133600254109396E-001
                          Math::Cosh(0.2) == 1.0200667556190759E+000
(Math::Cosh(0.1))^2 + (Math::Sinh(0.1))^2 == 1.0200667556190757E+000

                          Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.5094613554121725E+000
                          Math::Cosh(1.2) == 1.8106555673243747E+000
(Math::Cosh(1.2))^2 - (Math::Sinh(1.2))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                          Math::Sinh(2.4) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
    2 * Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(1.2) == 5.4662292136760939E+000
                          Math::Cosh(2.4) == 5.5569471669655064E+000
(Math::Cosh(1.2))^2 + (Math::Sinh(1.2))^2 == 5.5569471669655064E+000

                          Math::Sinh(4.9) == 6.7141166550932297E+001
                          Math::Cosh(4.9) == 6.7148613134003227E+001
(Math::Cosh(4.9))^2 - (Math::Sinh(4.9))^2 == 1.0000000000000000E+000
                          Math::Sinh(9.8) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
    2 * Math::Sinh(4.9) * Math::Cosh(4.9) == 9.0168724361884615E+003
                          Math::Cosh(9.8) == 9.0168724916400624E+003
(Math::Cosh(4.9))^2 + (Math::Sinh(4.9))^2 == 9.0168724916400606E+003

Evaluate these hyperbolic identities with selected values for X and Y:
   sinh(X + Y) == sinh(X) * cosh(Y) + cosh(X) * sinh(Y)
   cosh(X + Y) == cosh(X) * cosh(Y) + sinh(X) * sinh(Y)

        Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(1.2) +
        Math::Cosh(0.1) * Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.6983824372926155E+000
                          Math::Sinh(1.3) == 1.6983824372926160E+000
        Math::Cosh(0.1) * Math::Cosh(1.2) +
        Math::Sinh(0.1) * Math::Sinh(1.2) == 1.9709142303266281E+000
                          Math::Cosh(1.3) == 1.9709142303266285E+000

        Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(4.9) +
        Math::Cosh(1.2) * Math::Sinh(4.9) == 2.2292776360739879E+002
                          Math::Sinh(6.1) == 2.2292776360739885E+002
        Math::Cosh(1.2) * Math::Cosh(4.9) +
        Math::Sinh(1.2) * Math::Sinh(4.9) == 2.2293000647511826E+002
                          Math::Cosh(6.1) == 2.2293000647511832E+002
*/

[JScript] No example is available for JScript. To view a Visual Basic, C#, or C++ example, click the Language Filter button Language Filter in the upper-left corner of the page.

Requirements

Platforms: Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003 family, .NET Compact Framework, Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) Standard

See Also

Math Class | Math Members | System Namespace

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