Math::Exp Method (Double)

 
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Returns e raised to the specified power.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
static double Exp(
	double d
)

Parameters

d
Type: System::Double

A number specifying a power.

Return Value

Type: System::Double

The number e raised to the power d. If d equals NaN or PositiveInfinity, that value is returned. If d equals NegativeInfinity, 0 is returned.

e is a mathematical constant whose value is approximately 2.71828.

Use the Pow method to calculate powers of other bases.

Exp is the inverse of Log.

The following example uses Exp to evaluate certain exponential and logarithmic identities for selected values.

// Example for the Math::Exp( double ) method.
using namespace System;

// Evaluate logarithmic/exponential identity with a given argument.
void UseLnExp( double arg )
{

   // Evaluate e ^ ln(X) == ln(e ^ X) == X.
   Console::WriteLine( "\n      Math::Exp(Math::Log({0})) == {1:E16}\n"
   "      Math::Log(Math::Exp({0})) == {2:E16}", arg, Math::Exp( Math::Log( arg ) ), Math::Log( Math::Exp( arg ) ) );
}


// Evaluate exponential identities that are functions of two arguments.
void UseTwoArgs( double argX, double argY )
{

   // Evaluate (e ^ X) * (e ^ Y) == e ^ (X + Y).
   Console::WriteLine( "\nMath::Exp({0}) * Math::Exp({1}) == {2:E16}"
   "\n           Math::Exp({0} + {1}) == {3:E16}", argX, argY, Math::Exp( argX ) * Math::Exp( argY ), Math::Exp( argX + argY ) );

   // Evaluate (e ^ X) ^ Y == e ^ (X * Y).
   Console::WriteLine( " Math::Pow(Math::Exp({0}), {1}) == {2:E16}"
   "\n           Math::Exp({0} * {1}) == {3:E16}", argX, argY, Math::Pow( Math::Exp( argX ), argY ), Math::Exp( argX * argY ) );

   // Evaluate X ^ Y == e ^ (Y * ln(X)).
   Console::WriteLine( "            Math::Pow({0}, {1}) == {2:E16}"
   "\nMath::Exp({1} * Math::Log({0})) == {3:E16}", argX, argY, Math::Pow( argX, argY ), Math::Exp( argY * Math::Log( argX ) ) );
}

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of Math::Exp( double ) "
   "generates the following output.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Evaluate [e ^ ln(X) == ln(e ^ X) == X] "
   "with selected values for X:" );
   UseLnExp( 0.1 );
   UseLnExp( 1.2 );
   UseLnExp( 4.9 );
   UseLnExp( 9.9 );
   Console::WriteLine( "\nEvaluate these identities with "
   "selected values for X and Y:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   (e ^ X) * (e ^ Y) == e ^ (X + Y)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   (e ^ X) ^ Y == e ^ (X * Y)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   X ^ Y == e ^ (Y * ln(X))" );
   UseTwoArgs( 0.1, 1.2 );
   UseTwoArgs( 1.2, 4.9 );
   UseTwoArgs( 4.9, 9.9 );
}

/*
This example of Math::Exp( double ) generates the following output.

Evaluate [e ^ ln(X) == ln(e ^ X) == X] with selected values for X:

      Math::Exp(Math::Log(0.1)) == 1.0000000000000001E-001
      Math::Log(Math::Exp(0.1)) == 1.0000000000000008E-001

      Math::Exp(Math::Log(1.2)) == 1.2000000000000000E+000
      Math::Log(Math::Exp(1.2)) == 1.2000000000000000E+000

      Math::Exp(Math::Log(4.9)) == 4.9000000000000012E+000
      Math::Log(Math::Exp(4.9)) == 4.9000000000000004E+000

      Math::Exp(Math::Log(9.9)) == 9.9000000000000004E+000
      Math::Log(Math::Exp(9.9)) == 9.9000000000000004E+000

Evaluate these identities with selected values for X and Y:
   (e ^ X) * (e ^ Y) == e ^ (X + Y)
   (e ^ X) ^ Y == e ^ (X * Y)
   X ^ Y == e ^ (Y * ln(X))

Math::Exp(0.1) * Math::Exp(1.2) == 3.6692966676192444E+000
           Math::Exp(0.1 + 1.2) == 3.6692966676192444E+000
 Math::Pow(Math::Exp(0.1), 1.2) == 1.1274968515793757E+000
           Math::Exp(0.1 * 1.2) == 1.1274968515793757E+000
            Math::Pow(0.1, 1.2) == 6.3095734448019331E-002
Math::Exp(1.2 * Math::Log(0.1)) == 6.3095734448019344E-002

Math::Exp(1.2) * Math::Exp(4.9) == 4.4585777008251705E+002
           Math::Exp(1.2 + 4.9) == 4.4585777008251716E+002
 Math::Pow(Math::Exp(1.2), 4.9) == 3.5780924170885260E+002
           Math::Exp(1.2 * 4.9) == 3.5780924170885277E+002
            Math::Pow(1.2, 4.9) == 2.4433636334442981E+000
Math::Exp(4.9 * Math::Log(1.2)) == 2.4433636334442981E+000

Math::Exp(4.9) * Math::Exp(9.9) == 2.6764450551890982E+006
           Math::Exp(4.9 + 9.9) == 2.6764450551891015E+006
 Math::Pow(Math::Exp(4.9), 9.9) == 1.1684908531676833E+021
           Math::Exp(4.9 * 9.9) == 1.1684908531676829E+021
            Math::Pow(4.9, 9.9) == 6.8067718210957060E+006
Math::Exp(9.9 * Math::Log(4.9)) == 6.8067718210956985E+006
*/

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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