Atan2 Method

Math.Atan2 Method

Returns the angle whose tangent is the quotient of two specified numbers.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
<SecuritySafeCriticalAttribute> _
Public Shared Function Atan2 ( _
	y As Double, _
	x As Double _
) As Double

Parameters

y
Type: System.Double
The y coordinate of a point.
x
Type: System.Double
The x coordinate of a point.

Return Value

Type: System.Double
An angle, θ, measured in radians, such that -π θ π, and tan(θ) = y / x, where (x, y) is a point in the Cartesian plane. Observe the following:
  • For (x, y) in quadrant 1, 0 < θ < π/2.

  • For (x, y) in quadrant 2, π/2 < θ π.

  • For (x, y) in quadrant 3, -π < θ < -π/2.

  • For (x, y) in quadrant 4, -π/2 < θ < 0.

For points on the boundaries of the quadrants, the return value is the following:
  • If y is 0 and x is not negative, θ = 0.

  • If y is 0 and x is negative, θ = π.

  • If y is positive and x is 0, θ = π/2.

  • If y is negative and x is 0, θ = -π/2.

If x or y is NaN, or if x and y are either PositiveInfinity or NegativeInfinity, the method returns NaN.

The return value is the angle in the Cartesian plane formed by the x-axis, and a vector starting from the origin, (0,0), and terminating at the point, (x,y).

The following example demonstrates how to calculate the arctangent of an angle and a vector. The resulting value is displayed in the console.


' This example demonstrates Math.Atan()
'                           Math.Atan2()
'                           Math.Tan()

Class Example
   Public Shared Sub Demo(ByVal outputBlock As System.Windows.Controls.TextBlock)
      Dim x As Double = 1.0
      Dim y As Double = 2.0
      Dim angle As Double
      Dim radians As Double
      Dim result As Double

      ' Calculate the tangent of 30 degrees.
      angle = 30
      radians = angle * (Math.PI / 180)
      result = Math.Tan(radians)
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("The tangent of 30 degrees is {0}.", result) & vbCrLf

      ' Calculate the arctangent of the previous tangent.
      radians = Math.Atan(result)
      angle = radians * (180 / Math.PI)
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format("The previous tangent is equivalent to {0} degrees.", angle) & vbCrLf

      ' Calculate the arctangent of an angle.
      Dim line1 As [String] = "{0}The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and "
      Dim line2 As [String] = "a vector to point ({0},{1}) is {2}, "
      Dim line3 As [String] = "which is equivalent to {0} degrees."

      radians = Math.Atan2(y, x)
      angle = radians * (180 / Math.PI)

      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(line1, vbCrLf) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(line2, x, y, radians) & vbCrLf
      outputBlock.Text &= String.Format(line3, angle) & vbCrLf
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'Sample
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The tangent of 30 degrees is 0.577350269189626.
'The previous tangent is equivalent to 30 degrees.
'
'The arctangent of the angle formed by the x-axis and
'a vector to point (1,2) is 1.10714871779409,
'which is equivalent to 63.434948822922 degrees.
'


Silverlight

Supported in: 5, 4, 3

Silverlight for Windows Phone

Supported in: Windows Phone OS 7.1, Windows Phone OS 7.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: Xbox 360, Windows Phone OS 7.0

For a list of the operating systems and browsers that are supported by Silverlight, see Supported Operating Systems and Browsers.

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