This documentation is archived and is not being maintained.

StreamReader.ReadToEnd Method

Updated: December 2010

Reads the stream from the current position to the end of the stream.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override string ReadToEnd()

Return Value

Type: System.String
The rest of the stream as a string, from the current position to the end. If the current position is at the end of the stream, returns an empty string ("").

ExceptionCondition
OutOfMemoryException

There is insufficient memory to allocate a buffer for the returned string.

IOException

An I/O error occurs.

This method overrides TextReader.ReadToEnd.

ReadToEnd works best when you need to read all the input from the current position to the end of the stream. If more control is needed over how many characters are read from the stream, use the Read(Char[], Int32, Int32) method overload, which generally results in better performance.

ReadToEnd assumes that the stream knows when it has reached an end. For interactive protocols in which the server sends data only when you ask for it and does not close the connection, ReadToEnd might block indefinitely because it does not reach an end, and should be avoided.

Note that when using the Read method, it is more efficient to use a buffer that is the same size as the internal buffer of the stream. If the size of the buffer was unspecified when the stream was constructed, its default size is 4 kilobytes (4096 bytes).

If the current method throws an OutOfMemoryException, the reader's position in the underlying Stream object is advanced by the number of characters the method was able to read, but the characters already read into the internal ReadLine buffer are discarded. If you manipulate the position of the underlying stream after reading data into the buffer, the position of the underlying stream might not match the position of the internal buffer. To reset the internal buffer, call the DiscardBufferedData method; however, this method slows performance and should be called only when absolutely necessary.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following code example reads all the way to the end of a file in one operation.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Test 
{
	
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";

        try 
        {
            if (File.Exists(path)) 
            {
                File.Delete(path);
            }

            using (StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(path)) 
            {
                sw.WriteLine("This");
                sw.WriteLine("is some text");
                sw.WriteLine("to test");
                sw.WriteLine("Reading");
            }

            using (StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(path)) 
            {
                //This allows you to do one Read operation.
                Console.WriteLine(sr.ReadToEnd());
            }
        } 
        catch (Exception e) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("The process failed: {0}", e.ToString());
        }
    }
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Date

History

Reason

December 2010

Clarified blocking condition.

Customer feedback.

Show: