ErrorEventArgs Class

ErrorEventArgs Class


Provides data for the FileSystemWatcher.Error event.

Namespace:   System.IO
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)


public class ErrorEventArgs : EventArgs


Initializes a new instance of the ErrorEventArgs class.


Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.(Inherited from Object.)


Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.(Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Exception that represents the error that occurred.


Serves as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)


Gets the Type of the current instance.(Inherited from Object.)


Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.(Inherited from Object.)


Returns a string that represents the current object.(Inherited from Object.)

ErrorEventArgs contains the Exception that caused the FileSystemWatcher.Error event. This class provides the GetException method to retrieve the exception.

The following example creates a new instance of ErrorEventArgs and initializes it with an Exception. Then the example calls GetException to retrieve the Exception and display the error message. There is no form associated with this code.

public static void Main(string[] args) {
    // Creates an exception with an error message.
    Exception myException= new Exception("This is an exception test");

    // Creates an ErrorEventArgs with the exception.
    ErrorEventArgs myErrorEventArgs = new ErrorEventArgs(myException);

    // Extracts the exception from the ErrorEventArgs and display it.
    Exception myReturnedException = myErrorEventArgs.GetException();
    MessageBox.Show("The returned exception is: " + myReturnedException.Message);

The following example shows how to create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor file changes (creates, deletes, renames, changes) occurring on a disk drive. The example also shows how to properly receive error notifications.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Program
    static void Main(string[] args)
        //  Create a FileSystemWatcher to monitor all files on drive C.
        FileSystemWatcher fsw = new FileSystemWatcher("C:\\");

        //  Watch for changes in LastAccess and LastWrite times, and
        //  the renaming of files or directories. 
        fsw.NotifyFilter = NotifyFilters.LastAccess | NotifyFilters.LastWrite
            | NotifyFilters.FileName |NotifyFilters.DirectoryName;

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a 
        //  file is created, changed, or deleted.
        fsw.Changed += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Created += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        fsw.Deleted += new FileSystemEventHandler(OnChanged);

        //  Register a handler that gets called when a file is renamed.
        fsw.Renamed += new RenamedEventHandler(OnRenamed);

        //  Register a handler that gets called if the 
        //  FileSystemWatcher needs to report an error.
        fsw.Error += new ErrorEventHandler(OnError);

        //  Begin watching.
        fsw.EnableRaisingEvents = true;

        Console.WriteLine("Press \'Enter\' to quit the sample.");


    //  This method is called when a file is created, changed, or deleted.
    private static void OnChanged(object source, FileSystemEventArgs e)
        //  Show that a file has been created, changed, or deleted.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {1}", e.FullPath, wct.ToString());

    //  This method is called when a file is renamed.
    private static void OnRenamed(object source, RenamedEventArgs e)
        //  Show that a file has been renamed.
        WatcherChangeTypes wct = e.ChangeType;
        Console.WriteLine("File {0} {2} to {1}", e.OldFullPath, e.FullPath, wct.ToString());

    //  This method is called when the FileSystemWatcher detects an error.
    private static void OnError(object source, ErrorEventArgs e)
        //  Show that an error has been detected.
        Console.WriteLine("The FileSystemWatcher has detected an error");
        //  Give more information if the error is due to an internal buffer overflow.
        if (e.GetException().GetType() == typeof(InternalBufferOverflowException))
            //  This can happen if Windows is reporting many file system events quickly 
            //  and internal buffer of the  FileSystemWatcher is not large enough to handle this
            //  rate of events. The InternalBufferOverflowException error informs the application
            //  that some of the file system events are being lost.
            Console.WriteLine(("The file system watcher experienced an internal buffer overflow: " + e.GetException().Message));


.NET Framework
Available since 1.1

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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