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DirectoryInfo.Parent Property

Gets the parent directory of a specified subdirectory.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public DirectoryInfo Parent { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.IO.DirectoryInfo
The parent directory, or null if the path is null or if the file path denotes a root (such as "\", "C:", or * "\\server\share").

ExceptionCondition
SecurityException

The caller does not have the required permission.

For a list of common I/O tasks, see Common I/O Tasks.

The following example demonstrates referring to the parent directory of a specified directory.

using System;
using System.IO;

public class MoveToTest 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {

        // Make a reference to a directory.
        DirectoryInfo di = new DirectoryInfo("TempDir");

        // Create the directory only if it does not already exist. 
        if (di.Exists == false)
            di.Create();

        // Create a subdirectory in the directory just created.
        DirectoryInfo dis = di.CreateSubdirectory("SubDir");

        // Get a reference to the parent directory of the subdirectory you just made.
        DirectoryInfo parentDir = dis.Parent;
        Console.WriteLine("The parent directory of '{0}' is '{1}'", dis.Name, parentDir.Name);

        // Delete the parent directory.
        di.Delete(true);
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.6, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

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