Exists Method

Directory.Exists Method (String)


Determines whether the given path refers to an existing directory on disk.

Namespace:   System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

Public Shared Function Exists (
	path As String
) As Boolean


Type: System.String

The path to test.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if path refers to an existing directory; false if the directory does not exist or an error occurs when trying to determine if the specified file exists.

The path parameter is permitted to specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory.

Trailing spaces are removed from the end of the path parameter before checking whether the directory exists.

The path parameter is not case-sensitive.

If you do not have at a minimum read-only permission to the directory, the Exists method will return false.

The Exists method returns false if any error occurs while trying to determine if the specified file exists. This can occur in situations that raise exceptions such as passing a file name with invalid characters or too many characters, a failing or missing disk, or if the caller does not have permission to read the file.

The following example takes an array of file or directory names on the command line, determines what kind of name it is, and processes it appropriately.

' For File.Exists, Directory.Exists 

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Collections

Public Class RecursiveFileProcessor

    Public Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Dim path As String
        For Each path In args
            If File.Exists(path) Then
                ' This path is a file.
                If Directory.Exists(path) Then
                    ' This path is a directory.
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} is not a valid file or directory.", path)
                End If
            End If
        Next path
    End Sub 'Main

    ' Process all files in the directory passed in, recurse on any directories 
    ' that are found, and process the files they contain.
    Public Shared Sub ProcessDirectory(ByVal targetDirectory As String)
        Dim fileEntries As String() = Directory.GetFiles(targetDirectory)
        ' Process the list of files found in the directory.
        Dim fileName As String
        For Each fileName In fileEntries

        Next fileName
        Dim subdirectoryEntries As String() = Directory.GetDirectories(targetDirectory)
        ' Recurse into subdirectories of this directory.
        Dim subdirectory As String
        For Each subdirectory In subdirectoryEntries
        Next subdirectory

    End Sub 'ProcessDirectory

    ' Insert logic for processing found files here.
    Public Shared Sub ProcessFile(ByVal path As String)
        Console.WriteLine("Processed file '{0}'.", path)
    End Sub 'ProcessFile
End Class 'RecursiveFileProcessor


for reading files. Associated enumeration: FileIOPermissionAccess.Read

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 10
.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
Available since 2.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 7.0
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