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Exception.Message Property

Gets a message that describes the current exception.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

'Declaration
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property Message As String
'Usage
Dim instance As Exception 
Dim value As String 

value = instance.Message

Property Value

Type: System.String
The error message that explains the reason for the exception, or an empty string("").

Implements

_Exception.Message

The text of Message should completely describe the error and should, when possible, explain how to correct it. The value of the Message property is included in the information returned by ToString.

The Message property is set only when creating an Exception. If no message was supplied to the constructor for the current instance, the system supplies a default message that is formatted using the current system culture.

Notes to Implementers:

If you throw an exception from a property, and you need to refer in the text of Message to the property argument that you set or get, use "value" as the name of the property argument.

Notes to Inheritors:

The Message property is overridden in classes that require control over message content or format. Application code typically accesses this property when it needs to display information about an exception that has been caught.

The error message should be localized.

The following code example throws and then catches an Exception and displays the exception's text message using the Message property.

' Example for the Exception.HelpLink, Exception.Source, 
' Exception.StackTrace, and Exception.TargetSite properties. 
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.VisualBasic

Namespace NDP_UE_VB

    ' Derive an exception; the constructor sets the HelpLink and  
    ' Source properties. 
    Class LogTableOverflowException
        Inherits Exception

        Private Const overflowMessage As String = _
            "The log table has overflowed." 

        Public Sub New( auxMessage As String, inner As Exception )
            MyBase.New( String.Format( "{0} - {1}", _
                overflowMessage, auxMessage ), inner )

            Me.HelpLink = "http://msdn.microsoft.com" 
            Me.Source = "Exception_Class_Samples" 

        End Sub ' New 
    End Class ' LogTableOverflowException

    Class LogTable

        Public Sub New(numElements As Integer)
            logArea = New String(numElements) {}
            elemInUse = 0
        End Sub ' New 

        Protected logArea() As String 
        Protected elemInUse As Integer 

        ' The AddRecord method throws a derived exception if  
        ' the array bounds exception is caught. 
        Public Function AddRecord( newRecord As String ) As Integer 

            Try 
                Dim curElement as Integer = elemInUse
                logArea( elemInUse ) = newRecord
                elemInUse += 1
                Return curElement

            Catch ex As Exception
                Throw New LogTableOverflowException( _
                    String.Format( "Record ""{0}"" was not logged.", _
                        newRecord ), ex )
            End Try 
        End Function ' AddRecord
    End Class ' LogTable

    Module OverflowDemo

        ' Create a log table and force an overflow. 
        Sub Main( )
            Dim log As New LogTable( 4 )

            Console.WriteLine( "This example of " & vbCrLf & _
                "   Exception.Message, " & vbCrLf & _
                "   Exception.HelpLink, " & vbCrLf & _
                "   Exception.Source, " & vbCrLf & _
                "   Exception.StackTrace, and " & vbCrLf & _
                "   Exception.TargetSite " & vbCrLf & _
                "generates the following output." )

            Try 
                Dim count As Integer = 0

                Do
                    log.AddRecord( _
                        String.Format( "Log record number {0}", count ) )
                    count += 1
                Loop 

            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                    "Message ---" & vbCrLf & ex.Message )
                Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                    "HelpLink ---" & vbCrLf & ex.HelpLink )
                Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                    "Source ---" & vbCrLf & ex.Source )
                Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & _
                    "StackTrace ---" & vbCrLf & ex.StackTrace )
                Console.WriteLine( vbCrLf & "TargetSite ---" & _
                    vbCrLf & ex.TargetSite.ToString( ) )
            End Try 
        End Sub ' Main

    End Module ' OverflowDemo
End Namespace ' NDP_UE_VB

' This example of 
'    Exception.Message, 
'    Exception.HelpLink, 
'    Exception.Source, 
'    Exception.StackTrace, and 
'    Exception.TargetSite 
' generates the following output. 
'  
' Message --- 
' The log table has overflowed. - Record "Log record number 5" was not logged. 
'  
' HelpLink --- 
' http://msdn.microsoft.com 
'  
' Source --- 
' Exception_Class_Samples 
'  
' StackTrace --- 
'    at NDP_UE_VB.LogTable.AddRecord(String newRecord) 
'    at NDP_UE_VB.OverflowDemo.Main() 
'  
' TargetSite --- 
' Int32 AddRecord(System.String)

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0
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