Enum.HasFlag Method (Enum)

 

Determines whether one or more bit fields are set in the current instance.

Namespace:   System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public bool HasFlag(
	Enum flag
)

Parameters

flag
Type: System.Enum

An enumeration value.

Return Value

Type: System.Boolean

true if the bit field or bit fields that are set in flag are also set in the current instance; otherwise, false.

Exception Condition
ArgumentException

flag is a different type than the current instance.

The HasFlag method returns the result of the following Boolean expression.

thisInstance And flag = flag 

If the underlying value of flag is zero, the method returns true. If this behavior is not desirable, you can use the Equals method to test for equality with zero and call HasFlag only if the underlying value of flag is non-zero, as the following example illustrates.

using System;

[Flags] public enum Pets {
   None = 0,
   Dog = 1,
   Cat = 2,
   Bird = 4,
   Rabbit = 8,
   Other = 16
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Pets[] petsInFamilies = { Pets.None, Pets.Dog | Pets.Cat, Pets.Dog };
      int familiesWithoutPets = 0;
      int familiesWithDog = 0;

      foreach (var petsInFamily in petsInFamilies)
      {
         // Count families that have no pets.
         if (petsInFamily.Equals(Pets.None))
            familiesWithoutPets++;
         // Of families with pets, count families that have a dog.
         else if (petsInFamily.HasFlag(Pets.Dog))
            familiesWithDog++;
      }
      Console.WriteLine("{0} of {1} families in the sample have no pets.", 
                        familiesWithoutPets, petsInFamilies.Length);   
      Console.WriteLine("{0} of {1} families in the sample have a dog.", 
                        familiesWithDog, petsInFamilies.Length);   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       1 of 3 families in the sample have no pets.
//       2 of 3 families in the sample have a dog.

The HasFlag method is designed to be used with enumeration types that are marked with the FlagsAttribute attribute and can be used to determine whether multiple bit fields are set. For enumeration types that are not marked with the FlagsAttribute attribute, call either the Equals method or the CompareTo method.

The following example defines an ItemsOrdered enumeration that reflects categories of items that a customer can order in a restaurant. The example tests whether the customer has ordered both an entrée and a beverage.

using System;

[Flags] public enum DinnerItems {
   None = 0,
   Entree = 1,
   Appetizer = 2,
   Side = 4,
   Dessert = 8,
   Beverage = 16, 
   BarBeverage = 32
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      DinnerItems myOrder = DinnerItems.Appetizer | DinnerItems.Entree |
                            DinnerItems.Beverage | DinnerItems.Dessert;
      DinnerItems flagValue = DinnerItems.Entree | DinnerItems.Beverage;
      Console.WriteLine("{0} includes {1}: {2}", 
                        myOrder, flagValue, myOrder.HasFlag(flagValue));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Entree, Appetizer, Dessert, Beverage includes Entree, Beverage: True

Universal Windows Platform
Available since 8
.NET Framework
Available since 4.0
Portable Class Library
Supported in: portable .NET platforms
Silverlight
Available since 4.0
Windows Phone Silverlight
Available since 8.0
Windows Phone
Available since 8.1
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