PrintDocument.Print Method

Starts the document's printing process.

Namespace: System.Drawing.Printing
Assembly: System.Drawing (in system.drawing.dll)

Public Sub Print
Dim instance As PrintDocument

public void Print ()
public function Print ()
Not applicable.

Exception typeCondition


The printer named in the PrinterSettings.PrinterName property does not exist.

Specify the output to print by handling the PrintPage event and by using the Graphics included in the PrintPageEventArgs.

Use the PrinterSettings.PrinterName property to specify which printer should print the document.

The Print method prints the document without using a print dialog. Use a PrintDialog when you want to offer the user the ability to choose print settings.


If an exception that is not handled by the Print method is thrown during printing, the printing of the document is aborted.

The following code example prints the file that is specified through the command line to the default printer.


The example requires that each line fits within the page width.

Use the System.ComponentModel, System.Drawing, System.Drawing.Printing, System.IO, and System.Windows.Forms namespaces for this example.

Imports System
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Printing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class PrintingExample
    Private printFont As Font
    Private streamToPrint As StreamReader
    Private Shared filePath As String
    Public Sub New()
    End Sub    
    ' The PrintPage event is raised for each page to be printed.
    Private Sub pd_PrintPage(sender As Object, ev As PrintPageEventArgs)
        Dim linesPerPage As Single = 0
        Dim yPos As Single = 0
        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim leftMargin As Single = ev.MarginBounds.Left
        Dim topMargin As Single = ev.MarginBounds.Top
        Dim line As String = Nothing
        ' Calculate the number of lines per page.
        linesPerPage = ev.MarginBounds.Height / printFont.GetHeight(ev.Graphics)
        ' Iterate over the file, printing each line.
        While count < linesPerPage
            line = streamToPrint.ReadLine()
            If line Is Nothing Then
                Exit While
            End If
            yPos = topMargin + count * printFont.GetHeight(ev.Graphics)
            ev.Graphics.DrawString(line, printFont, Brushes.Black, leftMargin, _
                yPos, New StringFormat())
            count += 1
        End While
        ' If more lines exist, print another page.
        If (line IsNot Nothing) Then
            ev.HasMorePages = True
            ev.HasMorePages = False
        End If
    End Sub
    ' Print the file.
    Public Sub Printing()
            streamToPrint = New StreamReader(filePath)
                printFont = New Font("Arial", 10)
                Dim pd As New PrintDocument()
                AddHandler pd.PrintPage, AddressOf pd_PrintPage
                ' Print the document.
            End Try
        Catch ex As Exception
        End Try
    End Sub 'Printing    
    ' This is the main entry point for the application.
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim args() As String = System.Environment.GetCommandLineArgs()
        Dim sampleName As String = args(0)
        If args.Length <> 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: " & sampleName & " <file path>")
        End If
        filePath = args(0)
    End Sub
End Class

import System.*;
import System.IO.*;
import System.Drawing.*;
import System.Drawing.Printing.*;
import System.Windows.Forms.*;

public class PrintingExample
    private Font printFont;
    private StreamReader streamToPrint;
    private static String filePath;

    public PrintingExample()
    } //PrintingExample

    // The PrintPage event is raised for each page to be printed.
    private void pd_PrintPage(Object sender, PrintPageEventArgs ev)
        float linesPerPage = 0;
        float yPos = 0;
        int count = 0;
        float leftMargin = ev.get_MarginBounds().get_Left();
        float topMargin = ev.get_MarginBounds().get_Top();
        String line = null;

        // Calculate the number of lines per page.
        linesPerPage = ev.get_MarginBounds().get_Height() / 

        // Iterate over the file, printing each line.
        while ((count < linesPerPage && 
            (line = streamToPrint.ReadLine()) != null)) {
            yPos = topMargin + count * printFont.GetHeight(ev.get_Graphics());
            ev.get_Graphics().DrawString(line, printFont, Brushes.get_Black(),
                leftMargin, yPos, new StringFormat());

        // If more lines exist, print another page.
        if (line != null) {
        else {
    } //pd_PrintPage
    // Print the file.
    public void Printing()
        try {
            streamToPrint = new StreamReader(filePath);
            try {
                printFont = new Font("Arial", 10);
                PrintDocument pd = new PrintDocument();
                pd.add_PrintPage(new PrintPageEventHandler(pd_PrintPage));

                // Print the document.
            finally {
        catch (System.Exception ex) {
    } //Printing

    // This is the main entry point for the application.
    public static void main(String[] args)
        String sampleName = Environment.GetCommandLineArgs()[0];
        if (args.length != 1) {
            Console.WriteLine(("Usage: " + sampleName + " <file path>"));
        filePath = args[0];
		new PrintingExample();
    } //main
} //PrintingExample

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Community Additions