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PerformanceCounter.IncrementBy Method

Increments or decrements the value of the associated performance counter by a specified amount through an efficient atomic operation.

Namespace: System.Diagnostics
Assembly: System (in system.dll)

public long IncrementBy (
	long value
public long IncrementBy (
	long value
public function IncrementBy (
	value : long
) : long
Not applicable.



The value to increment by. (A negative value decrements the counter.)

Return Value

The new counter value.

Exception typeCondition


The counter is read-only, so the application cannot increment it.


The instance is not correctly associated with a performance counter.


The InstanceLifetime property is set to Process when using global shared memory.


An error occurred when accessing a system API.


The platform is Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition (Me), which does not support performance counters.

You can write only to custom counters. All system counters are read-only.


The Increment, IncrementBy, and Decrement methods use interlocks to update the counter value. This helps keep the counter value accurate in multithreaded or multiprocess scenarios, but also results in a performance penalty. If you do not need the accuracy that interlocked operations provide, you can update the RawValue property directly for up to a 5 times performance improvement. However, in multithreaded scenarios, some updates to the counter value might be ignored, resulting in inaccurate data.


If the value forthe InstanceLifetime property is Process and the performance counter category was created with .NET Framework version 1.0 or 1.1, an InvalidOperationException is thrown. Performance counter categories created with earlier versions use global shared memory, and the value for InstanceLifetime must be Global. If the category is not used by applications running on versions 1.0 or 1.1 of the .NET Framework, delete and recreate the category.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the IncrementBy method to add increments to a counter. This code example is part of a larger example for the PerformanceCounter class.

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0