SqlDataAdapter.RowUpdating Event


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Occurs during Update before a command is executed against the data source. The attempt to update is made, so the event fires.

Namespace:   System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

Public Event RowUpdating As SqlRowUpdatingEventHandler

When using Update, there are two events that occur per data row updated. The order of execution is as follows:

  1. The values in the DataRow are moved to the parameter values.

  2. The OnRowUpdating event is raised.

  3. The command executes.

  4. If the command is set to FirstReturnedRecord, the first returned result is placed in the DataRow.

  5. If there are output parameters, they are placed in the DataRow.

  6. The OnRowUpdated event is raised.

  7. AcceptChanges is called.

The following example shows how to use both the RowUpdating and RowUpdated events.

The RowUpdating event returns this output:

event args: (command=System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand commandType=2 status=0)

The RowUpdated event returns this output:

event args: (command=System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand commandType=2 recordsAffected=1 row=System.Data.DataRow[37] status=0)

    ' handler for RowUpdating event
    Private Shared Sub OnRowUpdating(sender As Object, e As SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs)
    End Sub 

    ' handler for RowUpdated event
    Private Shared Sub OnRowUpdated(sender As Object, e As SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs)
    End Sub 

    'Entry point which delegates to C-style main Private Function
    Public Overloads Shared Sub Main()
        System.Environment.ExitCode = Main(System.Environment.GetCommandLineArgs())
    End Sub

    Overloads Public Shared Function Main(args() As String) As Integer
        Const connectionString As String = _
            "Integrated Security=SSPI;database=Northwind;server=MSSQL1"
        Const queryString As String = "SELECT * FROMProducts"

        ' create DataAdapter
        Dim adapter As New SqlDataAdapter(queryString, connectionString)
        Dim builder As SqlCommandBuilder = New SqlCommandBuilder(adapter)

        ' Create and fill DataSet (select only first 5 rows)
        Dim dataSet As New DataSet()
        adapter.Fill(dataSet, 0, 5, "Table")

        ' Modify DataSet
        Dim table As DataTable = dataSet.Tables("Table")
        table.Rows(0)(1) = "new product"

        ' add handlers
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdating, AddressOf OnRowUpdating
        AddHandler adapter.RowUpdated, AddressOf OnRowUpdated

        ' update, this operation fires two events 
        '(RowUpdating/RowUpdated) per changed row 
        adapter.Update(dataSet, "Table")

        ' remove handlers
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdating, AddressOf OnRowUpdating
        RemoveHandler adapter.RowUpdated, AddressOf OnRowUpdated
        Return 0
    End Function 

    Overloads Private Shared Sub PrintEventArgs(args As SqlRowUpdatingEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine("  event args: (" & " command=" & args.Command.CommandText & _
           " commandType=" & args.StatementType & " status=" & args.Status & ")")
    End Sub 

    Overloads Private Shared Sub PrintEventArgs(args As SqlRowUpdatedEventArgs)
        Console.WriteLine("  event args: (" & " command=" & args.Command.CommandText & _
           " commandType=" & args.StatementType & " recordsAffected=" & _
           args.RecordsAffected & " status=" & args.Status & ")")
    End Sub 
End Class 

.NET Framework
Available since 1.1
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