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SqlCommand.Cancel Method

Tries to cancel the execution of a SqlCommand.

Namespace:  System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public override void Cancel()

Implements

IDbCommand.Cancel()

If there is nothing to cancel, nothing occurs. However, if there is a command in process, and the attempt to cancel fails, no exception is generated.

In some, rare, cases, if you call ExecuteReader() then call Close() (implicitily or explicitly) before calling Cancel(), and then call Cancel(), the cancel command will not be sent to SQL Server and the result set can continue to stream after you call Close(). To avoid this, make sure that you call Cancel() before closing the reader or connection.

The following example demonstrates the use of the Cancel method.


using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Threading;

class Program
{
    private static SqlCommand m_rCommand;

    public static SqlCommand Command
    {
        get { return m_rCommand; }
        set { m_rCommand = value; }
    }

    public static void Thread_Cancel()
    {
        Command.Cancel();
    }

    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        try
        {
            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                connection.Open();

                Command = connection.CreateCommand();
                Command.CommandText = "DROP TABLE TestCancel";
                try
                {
                    Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                }
                catch { }

                Command.CommandText = "CREATE TABLE TestCancel(co1 int, co2 char(10))";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                Command.CommandText = "INSERT INTO TestCancel VALUES (1, '1')";
                Command.ExecuteNonQuery();

                Command.CommandText = "SELECT * FROM TestCancel";
                SqlDataReader reader = Command.ExecuteReader();

                Thread rThread2 = new Thread(new ThreadStart(Thread_Cancel));
                rThread2.Start();
                rThread2.Join();

                reader.Read();
                System.Console.WriteLine(reader.FieldCount);
                reader.Close();
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
        }
    }
    static private string GetConnectionString()
    {
        // To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file.
        return "Data Source=(local);Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
            + "Integrated Security=SSPI";
    }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.
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