SqlBulkCopy.Close Method ()

 

Closes the SqlBulkCopy instance.

Namespace:   System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

Public Sub Close

After you call a Close on the SqlBulkCopy object, no other operation will succeed. Calls to the WriteToServer method will throw an InvalidOperationException.

Calling the Close method from the SqlRowsCopied event causes an InvalidOperationException to be thrown.

Note that open SqlBulkCopy instances are closed implicitly at the end of a using block.

The following example uses the same SqlBulkCopy instance to add sales orders and their associated details to two destination tables. Because the AdventureWorks sales order tables are large, the sample reads only orders placed by a certain account number and bulk copies those orders and details to the destination tables. The Close method is used only after both bulk copy operations are complete.

System_CAPS_importantImportant

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Bulk Copy Example Setup. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

Imports System.Data.SqlClient

Module Module1
    Sub Main()
        Dim connectionString As String = GetConnectionString()

        ' Open a connection to the AdventureWorks database.
        Using connection As SqlConnection = New SqlConnection(connectionString)
            connection.Open()

            ' Empty the destination tables.
            Dim deleteHeader As New SqlCommand( _
              "DELETE FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderHeader;", connection)
            deleteHeader.ExecuteNonQuery()
            deleteHeader.Dispose()
            Dim deleteDetail As New SqlCommand( _
              "DELETE FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderDetail;", connection)
            deleteDetail.ExecuteNonQuery()

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table 
            ' with matching columns.
            Dim countRowHeader As New SqlCommand( _
               "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderHeader;", _
                connection)
            Dim countStartHeader As Long = System.Convert.ToInt32( _
             countRowHeader.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count for Header table = {0}", _
             countStartHeader)

            ' Perform an initial count on the destination table 
            ' with different column positions.
            Dim countRowDetail As New SqlCommand( _
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderDetail;", _
                connection)
            Dim countStartDetail As Long = System.Convert.ToInt32( _
                countRowDetail.ExecuteScalar())
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count for Detail table = " & _
               countStartDetail)

            ' Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            ' The Sales.SalesOrderHeader and Sales.SalesOrderDetail
            ' tables are quite large and could easily cause a timeout
            ' if all data from the tables is added to the destination.
            ' To keep the example simple and quick, a parameter is 
            ' used to select only orders for a particular account as
            ' the source for the bulk insert.
            Dim headerData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
             "SELECT [SalesOrderID], [OrderDate], " & _
             "[AccountNumber] FROM [Sales].[SalesOrderHeader] " & _
             "WHERE [AccountNumber] = @accountNumber;", _
             connection)

            Dim parameterAccount As SqlParameter = New SqlParameter()
            parameterAccount.ParameterName = "@accountNumber"
            parameterAccount.SqlDbType = SqlDbType.NVarChar
            parameterAccount.Direction = ParameterDirection.Input
            parameterAccount.Value = "10-4020-000034"
            headerData.Parameters.Add(parameterAccount)

            Dim readerHeader As SqlDataReader = _
             headerData.ExecuteReader()

            ' Get the Detail data in a separate connection.
            Using connection2 As SqlConnection = New SqlConnection(connectionString)
                connection2.Open()

                Dim sourceDetailData As SqlCommand = New SqlCommand( _
                 "SELECT [Sales].[SalesOrderDetail].[SalesOrderID], " & _
                 "[SalesOrderDetailID], [OrderQty], [ProductID], [UnitPrice] " & _
                 "FROM [Sales].[SalesOrderDetail] INNER JOIN " & _
                 "[Sales].[SalesOrderHeader] " & _
                 "ON [Sales].[SalesOrderDetail].[SalesOrderID] = " & _
                 "[Sales].[SalesOrderHeader].[SalesOrderID] " & _
                 "WHERE [AccountNumber] = @accountNumber;", connection2)

                Dim accountDetail As SqlParameter = New SqlParameter()
                accountDetail.ParameterName = "@accountNumber"
                accountDetail.SqlDbType = SqlDbType.NVarChar
                accountDetail.Direction = ParameterDirection.Input
                accountDetail.Value = "10-4020-000034"
                sourceDetailData.Parameters.Add( _
                 accountDetail)

                Dim readerDetail As SqlDataReader = _
                 sourceDetailData.ExecuteReader()

                ' Create the SqlBulkCopy object.
                Using bulkCopy As SqlBulkCopy = _
                  New SqlBulkCopy(connectionString)
                    bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderHeader"

                    ' Write readerHeader to the destination.
                    Try
                        bulkCopy.WriteToServer(readerHeader)
                    Catch ex As Exception
                        Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
                    Finally
                        readerHeader.Close()
                    End Try

                    ' Set up a different destination and map columns.
                    bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.BulkCopyDemoOrderDetail"

                    ' Write readerDetail to the destination.
                    Try
                        bulkCopy.WriteToServer(readerDetail)
                    Catch ex As Exception
                        Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
                    Finally
                        readerDetail.Close()
                    End Try
                End Using

                ' Perform a final count on the destination tables
                ' to see how many rows were added.
                Dim countEndHeader As Long = System.Convert.ToInt32( _
                  countRowHeader.ExecuteScalar())
                Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added to the Header table.", _
                  countEndHeader - countStartHeader)
                Dim countEndDetail As Long = System.Convert.ToInt32( _
                   countRowDetail.ExecuteScalar())
                Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added to the Detail table.", _
                    countEndDetail - countStartDetail)

                Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.")
                Console.ReadLine()
            End Using
        End Using
    End Sub

    Private Function GetConnectionString() As String
        ' To avoid storing the connection string in your code, 
        ' you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
        Return "Data Source=(local);" & _
            "Integrated Security=true;" & _
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;"
    End Function
End Module

.NET Framework
Available since 2.0
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