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SqlBulkCopy.BatchSize Property

Number of rows in each batch. At the end of each batch, the rows in the batch are sent to the server.

Namespace: System.Data.SqlClient
Assembly: System.Data (in system.data.dll)

public int BatchSize { get; set; }
/** @property */
public int get_BatchSize ()

/** @property */
public void set_BatchSize (int value)

public function get BatchSize () : int

public function set BatchSize (value : int)

Not applicable.

Property Value

The integer value of the BatchSize property, or zero if no value has been set.

A batch is complete when BatchSize rows have been processed or there are no more rows to send to the destination data source.

Zero (the default) indicates that each WriteToServer operation is a single batch.

If the SqlBulkCopy instance has been declared with the UseExternalTransactions option in effect, rows are sent to the server BatchSize rows at a time, but no transaction-related action is taken. If UseExternalTransaction is not in effect, each batch of rows is inserted as a separate transaction.

The BatchSize property can be set at any time. If a bulk copy is already in progress, the current batch is sized according to the previous batch size. Subsequent batches use the new size. If the BatchSize is initially zero and changed while a WriteToServer operation is already in progress, that operation loads the data as a single batch. Any subsequent WriteToServer operations on the same SqlBulkCopy instance use the new BatchSize.

The following console application demonstrates how to bulk load data in batches of 50 rows. For an example illustrating how BatchSize works with a transaction, see Performing a Bulk Copy Operation in a Transaction.

In this example, the source data is first read from a SQL Server table to a SqlDataReader instance. The source data does not have to be located on SQL Server; you can use any data source that can be read to an IDataReader or loaded to a DataTable.

NoteImportant:

This sample will not run unless you have created the work tables as described in Creating Tables for the Bulk Copy Examples. This code is provided to demonstrate the syntax for using SqlBulkCopy only. If the source and destination tables are in the same SQL Server instance, it is easier and faster to use a Transact-SQL INSERT … SELECT statement to copy the data.

using System.Data.SqlClient;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        string connectionString = GetConnectionString();
        // Open a sourceConnection to the AdventureWorks database.
        using (SqlConnection sourceConnection =
                   new SqlConnection(connectionString))
        {
            sourceConnection.Open();

            // Perform an initial count on the destination table.
            SqlCommand commandRowCount = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT COUNT(*) FROM " +
                "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns;",
                sourceConnection);
            long countStart = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
            Console.WriteLine("Starting row count = {0}", countStart);

            // Get data from the source table as a SqlDataReader.
            SqlCommand commandSourceData = new SqlCommand(
                "SELECT ProductID, Name, " +
                "ProductNumber " +
                "FROM Production.Product;", sourceConnection);
            SqlDataReader reader =
                commandSourceData.ExecuteReader();

            // Create the SqlBulkCopy object using a connection string. 
            // In the real world you would not use SqlBulkCopy to move
            // data from one table to the other in the same database.
            using (SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy(connectionString))
            {
                bulkCopy.DestinationTableName =
                    "dbo.BulkCopyDemoMatchingColumns";

                // Set the BatchSize.
                bulkCopy.BatchSize = 50;

                try
                {
                    // Write from the source to the destination.
                    bulkCopy.WriteToServer(reader);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
                }
                finally
                {
                    // Close the SqlDataReader. The SqlBulkCopy
                    // object is automatically closed at the end
                    // of the using block.
                    reader.Close();
                }

                // Perform a final count on the destination 
                // table to see how many rows were added.
                long countEnd = System.Convert.ToInt32(
                    commandRowCount.ExecuteScalar());
                Console.WriteLine("Ending row count = {0}", countEnd);
                Console.WriteLine("{0} rows were added.", countEnd - countStart);
                Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }
    }

    private static string GetConnectionString()
        // To avoid storing the sourceConnection string in your code, 
        // you can retrieve it from a configuration file. 
    {
        return "Data Source=(local); " +
            " Integrated Security=true;" +
            "Initial Catalog=AdventureWorks;";
    }
}

Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 is supported on Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2, and Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0

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