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IDbTransaction.Commit Method

Commits the database transaction.

Namespace: System.Data
Assembly: System.Data (in system.data.dll)

void Commit ()
void Commit ()
function Commit ()

Exception typeCondition

Exception

An error occurred while trying to commit the transaction.

InvalidOperationException

The transaction has already been committed or rolled back.

-or-

The connection is broken.

The following example creates instances of the derived classes, SqlConnection and a SqlTransaction. It also demonstrates how to use the Commit, BeginTransaction, and Rollback methods.

private static void ExecuteSqlTransaction(string connectionString)
{
    using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    {
        connection.Open();

        SqlCommand command = connection.CreateCommand();
        SqlTransaction transaction;

        // Start a local transaction.
        transaction = connection.BeginTransaction("SampleTransaction");

        // Must assign both transaction object and connection
        // to Command object for a pending local transaction
        command.Connection = connection;
        command.Transaction = transaction;

        try
        {
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();

            // Attempt to commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit();
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
        
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Commit Exception Type: {0", ex.GetType());
            Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0", ex.Message);

            // Attempt to roll back the transaction.
            try
            {
                transaction.Rollback();
            
            catch (Exception ex2)
            {
                // This catch block will handle any errors that may have occurred
                // on the server that would cause the rollback to fail, such as
                // a closed connection.
                Console.WriteLine("Rollback Exception Type: {0", ex2.GetType());
                Console.WriteLine("  Message: {0", ex2.Message);
            
        
    


Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0
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